Combined pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and phacoemulsification (phaco) versus PPV and deferred phaco for phakic patients with full-thickness macular hole (FTMH) and no significant cataract at baseline: 1-year outcomes of a randomized trial combined PPV/phaco vs PPV/deferred phaco for MH

Karlos Ítalo S. Viana, Camila T. Gordilho, Felipe P.P. Almeida, Marcelo M. Esperandio, David R. Lucena, Denny M. Garcia, Ingrid U. Scott, André M.V. Messias, Rodrigo Jorge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To compare functional and anatomic outcomes of combined pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and phacoemulsification (phaco) versus PPV and deferred phaco in patients with full-thickness macular hole (FTMH) and no significant cataract. Methods: Thirty-four patients were randomized to group 1 (combined PPV/phaco) and 34 to group 2 (PPV/deferred phaco). Group 2 patients could undergo phaco any time after FTMH surgery if significant cataract developed. Results: Sixty-five patients (33 group 1 and 32 group 2) completed the 12-month visit. Mean ± SEM logMAR best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 0.92 ± 0.04 and 0.90 ± 0.04 at baseline and improved significantly to 0.60 ± 0.05 and 0.58 ± 0.05 at month 12 (p < 0.0001) in groups 1 and 2, respectively. There was no significant difference between the groups in mean BCVA at baseline or at month 12. Mean macular sensitivity (dB) was 18.22 ± 0.93 and 16.72 ± 0.93 at baseline and increased to 21.13 ± 0.86 and 21.07 ± 0.85 in groups 1 and 2, respectively (p < 0.05) with no significant difference between the groups (p = 0.449) at month 12. FTMH closure rate was 73% and 75% in groups 1 and 2, respectively (p = 0.834). Conclusion: Among patients with FTMH and no significant cataract at baseline, combined PPV/phaco was associated with similar BCVA, microperimetry, and FTMH closure outcomes at 1-year compared with PPV/deferred phaco. Trial registration: (clinicaltrials.gov.br): Ensaios clínicos brasileiros: RBR-3wmd9s; UTN number: U1111-1190-5013; Plataforma Brasil CAAE number: 50455415.3.0000.5440; IRB number: 1.433.000.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-36
Number of pages8
JournalGraefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Volume259
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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