To enhance plasmid segregational stability in bacterial cells, two pairs of independent postsegregational killing loci (genes which induce host killing upon plasmid loss) isolated from plasmids R1, R483, or RP4 (hok+/sok+ pnd+ or hok+/sok+ parDE+) were cloned into a common site of the β-galactosidase expression vector pMJR1750 (ptac::lacZ+) to form a series of plasmids in which the effect of one or two stability loci on segregational plasmid stability could be discerned. Adding two antisense killer loci (hok+/sok+ pnd+) decreased the specific growth rate by 50% though they were more effective at reducing segregational instability than hok+/sok+ alone. With the ptac promoter induced fully (2.0 mM isopropyl- β-D-thiogalactopyranoside) and no antibiotic selection pressure, the combination of a proteic killer locus (parDE+) with antisense killer loci (hok+/sok+) had a negligible impact on specific growth rate, maintained high β-galactosidase expression, and led to a 30 and 190% increase in segregational stability (based on stable generations) as compared to plasmids containing either hok+/sok+ or parDE+ alone, respectively. Use of hok+/sok+ or parDE+ alone with high cloned-gene expression led to ninefold and fourfold increases in the number of stable generations, respectively. Two convenient cloning cassettes have been constructed to facilitate cloning the dual hok+/sok+ parDE+ and hok+/sok+ pnd+ killer systems.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology