Combustion and characterization of nanoscale aluminum and ice propellants

Travis R. Sippel, Steven F. Son, Grant Alexander Risha, Richard A. Yetter

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nanoscale aluminum and water propellants have received considerable interest as of late because of their application to underwater and space propulsion. With the increasing availability of nanoaluminum, such propellants are becoming more feasible. Although particle reactivity is enhanced by decreasing particle diameter, storage problems emerge, resulting in shortened propellant shelf life. This paper demonstrates that these storage problems can be mitigated by freezing the water, creating aluminum and ice (ALICE) solid propellants. Theoretical performance, burning rates, and safety (storage stability, impact, ESD, and detonability) results are also presented and comparisons are made with published data. This initial work shows that ALICE may be practical as a propellant that could be applied in a variety of ways including in situ propellant synthesis on the moon or mars.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication44th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008
Event44th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit - Hartford, CT, United States
Duration: Jul 21 2008Jul 23 2008

Publication series

Name44th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit

Other

Other44th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit
CountryUnited States
CityHartford, CT
Period7/21/087/23/08

Fingerprint

propellants
Propellants
Ice
ice
aluminum
combustion
Aluminum
underwater propulsion
storage stability
solid propellants
burning rate
Solid propellants
Moon
natural satellites
propulsion
Freezing
mars
freezing
water
Propulsion

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Energy(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Sippel, T. R., Son, S. F., Risha, G. A., & Yetter, R. A. (2008). Combustion and characterization of nanoscale aluminum and ice propellants. In 44th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit (44th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit).
Sippel, Travis R. ; Son, Steven F. ; Risha, Grant Alexander ; Yetter, Richard A. / Combustion and characterization of nanoscale aluminum and ice propellants. 44th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit. 2008. (44th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit).
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abstract = "Nanoscale aluminum and water propellants have received considerable interest as of late because of their application to underwater and space propulsion. With the increasing availability of nanoaluminum, such propellants are becoming more feasible. Although particle reactivity is enhanced by decreasing particle diameter, storage problems emerge, resulting in shortened propellant shelf life. This paper demonstrates that these storage problems can be mitigated by freezing the water, creating aluminum and ice (ALICE) solid propellants. Theoretical performance, burning rates, and safety (storage stability, impact, ESD, and detonability) results are also presented and comparisons are made with published data. This initial work shows that ALICE may be practical as a propellant that could be applied in a variety of ways including in situ propellant synthesis on the moon or mars.",
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Sippel, TR, Son, SF, Risha, GA & Yetter, RA 2008, Combustion and characterization of nanoscale aluminum and ice propellants. in 44th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit. 44th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, 44th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, Hartford, CT, United States, 7/21/08.

Combustion and characterization of nanoscale aluminum and ice propellants. / Sippel, Travis R.; Son, Steven F.; Risha, Grant Alexander; Yetter, Richard A.

44th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit. 2008. (44th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AB - Nanoscale aluminum and water propellants have received considerable interest as of late because of their application to underwater and space propulsion. With the increasing availability of nanoaluminum, such propellants are becoming more feasible. Although particle reactivity is enhanced by decreasing particle diameter, storage problems emerge, resulting in shortened propellant shelf life. This paper demonstrates that these storage problems can be mitigated by freezing the water, creating aluminum and ice (ALICE) solid propellants. Theoretical performance, burning rates, and safety (storage stability, impact, ESD, and detonability) results are also presented and comparisons are made with published data. This initial work shows that ALICE may be practical as a propellant that could be applied in a variety of ways including in situ propellant synthesis on the moon or mars.

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Sippel TR, Son SF, Risha GA, Yetter RA. Combustion and characterization of nanoscale aluminum and ice propellants. In 44th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit. 2008. (44th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit).