Commissioning of the 36 T Series-Connected Hybrid Magnet at the NHMFL

Mark D. Bird, William W. Brey, Timothy A. Cross, Iain R. Dixon, A. Griffin, Scott T. Hannahs, John Kynoch, Ilya M. Litvak, Jefferey L. Schiano, Jack Toth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The National High Magnetic Field Laboratory has commissioned a 36.1 T resistive/superconducting hybrid magnet with homogeneity and stability of 1 ppm over a 10 mm diameter spherical volume to be used for solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Most NMR magnets use single strands of superconducting wire carrying a few hundred amps and persistent joints and switches. This magnet uses a 20 kA superconducting cable in a steel conduit for the outer part of the magnet and copper-alloy sheet metal for the inner part of the magnet. While >15 hybrid magnets have been built worldwide, they typically have a field uniformity of ∼250 ppm/cm DSV and stability might be no better than 50 ppm. To attain 1 ppm uniformity, current density grading was employed in the resistive coils to cancel the z2 term. In addition, coils were shifted after the first map to reduce the z1 term. Ferroshims and resistive shims were installed in the bore to attain <1 ppm over 10 mm. The large inductance of the superconducting coil reduced the ripple sixfold compared with all-resistive magnets and essentially eliminated the 60 Hz ripple and its harmonics. An NMR lock reduced the low-frequency drift to attain ∼0.1 ppm stability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8171763
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2018

Fingerprint

Magnets
magnets
coils
Nuclear magnetic resonance
ripples
nuclear magnetic resonance
Shims
Superconducting cables
Superconducting wire
metal sheets
copper alloys
Steel
Copper alloys
Sheet metal
inductance
Inductance
strands
cables
homogeneity
Current density

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Bird, M. D., Brey, W. W., Cross, T. A., Dixon, I. R., Griffin, A., Hannahs, S. T., ... Toth, J. (2018). Commissioning of the 36 T Series-Connected Hybrid Magnet at the NHMFL. IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 28(3), [8171763]. https://doi.org/10.1109/TASC.2017.2781727
Bird, Mark D. ; Brey, William W. ; Cross, Timothy A. ; Dixon, Iain R. ; Griffin, A. ; Hannahs, Scott T. ; Kynoch, John ; Litvak, Ilya M. ; Schiano, Jefferey L. ; Toth, Jack. / Commissioning of the 36 T Series-Connected Hybrid Magnet at the NHMFL. In: IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity. 2018 ; Vol. 28, No. 3.
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Bird, MD, Brey, WW, Cross, TA, Dixon, IR, Griffin, A, Hannahs, ST, Kynoch, J, Litvak, IM, Schiano, JL & Toth, J 2018, 'Commissioning of the 36 T Series-Connected Hybrid Magnet at the NHMFL', IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 28, no. 3, 8171763. https://doi.org/10.1109/TASC.2017.2781727

Commissioning of the 36 T Series-Connected Hybrid Magnet at the NHMFL. / Bird, Mark D.; Brey, William W.; Cross, Timothy A.; Dixon, Iain R.; Griffin, A.; Hannahs, Scott T.; Kynoch, John; Litvak, Ilya M.; Schiano, Jefferey L.; Toth, Jack.

In: IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, Vol. 28, No. 3, 8171763, 04.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Cross, Timothy A.

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AU - Griffin, A.

AU - Hannahs, Scott T.

AU - Kynoch, John

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AU - Toth, Jack

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