The first Large Size Telescope (LST-1) of the Cherenkov Telescope Array has been operational since October 2018 at La Palma, Spain. We report on the results obtained during the camera commissioning. The noise level of the readout is determined as a 0.2 p.e. level. The gain of PMTs are well equalized within 2% variation, using the calibration flash system. The effect of the night sky background on the signal readout noise as well as the PMT gain estimation are also well evaluated. Trigger thresholds are optimized for the lowest possible gamma-ray energy threshold and the trigger distribution synchronization has been achieved within 1 ns precision. Automatic rate control realizes the stable observation with 1.5% rate variation over 3 hours. The performance of the novel DAQ system demonstrates a less than 10% dead time for 15 kHz trigger rate even with sophisticated online data correction.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Proceedings of Science|
|State||Published - Mar 18 2022|
|Event||37th International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2021 - Virtual, Berlin, Germany|
Duration: Jul 12 2021 → Jul 23 2021
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes