Common causes of vision loss in elderly patients

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

103 Scopus citations

Abstract

Vision loss among the elderly is a major health care problem. Approximately one person in three has some form of vision-reducing eye disease by the age of 65. The most common causes of vision loss among the elderly are age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, cataract and diabetic retinopathy. Age-related macular degeneration is characterized by the loss of central vision. Primary open-angle glaucoma results in optic nerve damage and visual field loss. Because this condition may initially be asymptomatic, regular screening examinations are recommended for elderly patients. Cataract is a common cause of vision impairment among the elderly, but surgery is often effective in restoring vision. Diabetic retinopathy may be observed in the elderly at the time of diagnosis or during the first few years of diabetes. Patients should undergo eye examinations with dilation when diabetes is diagnosed and annually thereafter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-108
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican family physician
Volume60
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Family Practice

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