Community improvement districts in Metropolitan Atlanta

Goktug Morcol, Ulf Zimmermann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Community improvement districts (CIDs) in Georgia are business improvement districts (BIDs) with a difference: They are constitutionally established autonomous local governments, though entirely run by the districts' leading property/business owners, mostly real estate and banking interests. Like BIDs they assess themselves but, as governments, they are also able to leverage large sums of state and federal monies for substantial infrastructure construction and improvements. In metropolitan Atlanta, CIDs arose first in response to an excess of success in suburban commercial nodes that required large-scale capital investments and transportation improvements. In the business-friendly political climate of Georgia they are strongly supported by the officials of the counties and city within which they are located, though there are some differences between CID and local government relations from county to county and especially the city. The autonomous legal status of CIDs and their ability to leverage public money create problems for their accountability to local governments and general publics. As they expand their activities more in the direction of general-purpose governments, and as more CIDs are established, their accountability problems and their implications for democratic governance will come more into focus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-105
Number of pages29
JournalInternational Journal of Public Administration
Volume29
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

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district
community
money
responsibility
capital investment
legal status
real estate
banking
climate
governance
infrastructure
ability
Local government
Accountability
Business improvement districts
Government
Leverage

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Business and International Management
  • Public Administration

Cite this

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Community improvement districts in Metropolitan Atlanta. / Morcol, Goktug; Zimmermann, Ulf.

In: International Journal of Public Administration, Vol. 29, No. 1-3, 01.01.2006, p. 77-105.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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