Community-level access divides: A refugee camp case study

Paul Schmitt, Daniel Iland, Elizabeth Belding, Brian Tomaszewski, Ying Xu, Carleen Maitland

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Despite the appearance of uniform availability of mobile services, in many locales granular network analyses reveal the persistence of physical access divides. It stands to reason these divides, similar to those at larger scales, are also reflections of community-level social and economic divides. In this research, we examine community-level physical access divides in the context of a Syrian refugee camp. The investigation combines detailed network and organizational analyses to characterize the divides and identify factors in- uencing their creation and potential solutions. Our findings show that even in the limited confines of a refugee camp, coverage patterns and bandwidth availability differ significantly both within and between the networks of three mobile cellular carriers. These patterns, together with the overall configuration of network infrastructure, demonstrate three community level divides: An inter-carrier congestion divide, a spatial distribution divide, and an inter-network divide. We identify a number of linkages between these divides and the social, organizational and humanitarian context of the camp. Building on these analyses, we provide recommendations to ameliorate these divides for both residents and camp management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 8th International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies and Development, ICTD 2016
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
ISBN (Electronic)9781450343060
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 3 2016
Event8th International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies and Development, ICTD 2016 - Ann Arbor, United States
Duration: Jun 3 2016Jun 6 2016

Publication series

NameACM International Conference Proceeding Series
Volume03-06-June-2016

Other

Other8th International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies and Development, ICTD 2016
CountryUnited States
CityAnn Arbor
Period6/3/166/6/16

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Computer Networks and Communications

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  • Cite this

    Schmitt, P., Iland, D., Belding, E., Tomaszewski, B., Xu, Y., & Maitland, C. (2016). Community-level access divides: A refugee camp case study. In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies and Development, ICTD 2016 [2909668] (ACM International Conference Proceeding Series; Vol. 03-06-June-2016). Association for Computing Machinery. https://doi.org/10.1145/2909609:2909668