Research studying the relationship between intensity of community supervision and recidivism leads to two possible conclusions: (1) there is no consistent relationship, or (2) the relationship is indirect. In this paper we consider a theoretical model that is consistent with the latter possibility. Increased intensity of supervision is hypothesized to increase involvement in conventional and therapeutic activities; this, in turn, should be associated with a reduction in future offending. We examined the viability of this connection using data from four states, and drew the following conclusions: (1) intensity of supervision is associated positively with involvement in prosocial activities; (2) intensity of supervision is not associated consistently with involvement in new criminal activities; and (3) an inverse association exists between involvement in prosocial activities and involvement in new criminal activities after adjusting for measured factors that are thought to affect both outcomes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine