A commutative Schur ring over a finite group G has dimension at most s G = d1 + … +dr, where the di are the degrees of the irreducible characters of G. We find families of groups that have S-rings that realize this bound, including the groups SL(2, 2n), metacyclic groups, extraspecial groups, and groups all of whose character degrees are 1 or a fixed prime. We also give families of groups that do not realize this bound. We show that the class of groups that have S-rings that realize this bound is invariant under taking quotients. We also show how such S-rings determine a random walk on the group and how the generating function for such a random walk can be calculated using the group determinant.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Algebra and Number Theory