Compact cooling devices based on giant electrocaloric effect dielectrics

Haiming Gu, Xinyu Li, S. G. Lu, Minren Lin, Xiaoshi Qian, J. P. Cheng, Q. M. Zhang, Ailan Cheng, Brent Craven

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The electrocaloric effect (ECE) refers to the change in temperature and/or entropy of a dielectric material due to the electric field induced change of dipolar states. Giant ECE is discovered in P(VDF-TrFE) ferroelectric copolymers near ferroelectric-paraelectric(F-P) transition temperature which is normally much higher than room temperature. This paper presents the two defect-inducing methods to lower and broaden working temperature range of P(VDF-TrFE) based copolymers for ECE, and thus make it preferable for practical cooling device. Giant ECE is experimentally demonstrated in large temperature range (0-55°C). In addition, an electrocaloric oscillatory refrigerator (ECOR) was proposed and simulated by finite volume method and its high performance was theoretically demonstrated. Temperature gradient larger than 30 °C can be maintained across the two sides of a 1 cm device. For ΔT=20 °C cooling condition, a high cooling power (5.4 W/cm2) and significantly higher coefficient of performance (COP) can be achieved (50% of Carnot efficiency).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationASME 2012 Heat Transfer Summer Conf. Collocated with the ASME 2012 Fluids Engineering Div. Summer Meeting and the ASME 2012 10th Int. Conf. on Nanochannels, Microchannels and Minichannels, HT 2012
Pages635-639
Number of pages5
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012
EventASME 2012 Heat Transfer Summer Conference Collocated with the ASME 2012 Fluids Engineering Div. Summer Meeting and the ASME 2012 10th Int. Conf. on Nanochannels, Microchannels and Minichannels, HT 2012 - Rio Grande, Puerto Rico
Duration: Jul 8 2012Jul 12 2012

Publication series

NameASME 2012 Heat Transfer Summer Conf. Collocated with the ASME 2012 Fluids Engineering Div. Summer Meeting and the ASME 2012 10th Int. Conf. on Nanochannels, Microchannels and Minichannels, HT 2012
Volume2

Other

OtherASME 2012 Heat Transfer Summer Conference Collocated with the ASME 2012 Fluids Engineering Div. Summer Meeting and the ASME 2012 10th Int. Conf. on Nanochannels, Microchannels and Minichannels, HT 2012
CountryPuerto Rico
CityRio Grande
Period7/8/127/12/12

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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  • Cite this

    Gu, H., Li, X., Lu, S. G., Lin, M., Qian, X., Cheng, J. P., Zhang, Q. M., Cheng, A., & Craven, B. (2012). Compact cooling devices based on giant electrocaloric effect dielectrics. In ASME 2012 Heat Transfer Summer Conf. Collocated with the ASME 2012 Fluids Engineering Div. Summer Meeting and the ASME 2012 10th Int. Conf. on Nanochannels, Microchannels and Minichannels, HT 2012 (pp. 635-639). (ASME 2012 Heat Transfer Summer Conf. Collocated with the ASME 2012 Fluids Engineering Div. Summer Meeting and the ASME 2012 10th Int. Conf. on Nanochannels, Microchannels and Minichannels, HT 2012; Vol. 2). https://doi.org/10.1115/HT2012-58128