Comparative computational study of CO 2 dissociation and hydrogenation over Fe-M (M = Pd, Ni, Co) bimetallic catalysts: The effect of surface metal content

Xiaowa Nie, Haozhi Wang, Zhiming Liang, Zhenzi Yu, Jiajin Zhang, Michael John Janik, Xinwen Guo, Chunshan Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Density functional theory (DFT) calculations were performed to study CO 2 adsorption, dissociation and hydrogenation over Fe-M (M = Pd, Ni, Co) bimetallic catalysts, with a focus on probing the effect of surface content of the added transition metals to Fe. Various Fe-M bimetallic surfaces were constructed with varied surface atomic ratios of Fe/(Fe + M), based on which CO 2 and atomic H∗adsorptions were systematically examined. The H∗was found to be energetically favorable adsorbed at the 4-fold hollow site of Fe-M catalysts and the adsorption stability was slightly impacted by the surface content of the introduced transition metal. For CO 2 adsorption, stable bent structures adsorbed on the 4-fold hollow sites were identified on Fe-Ni and Fe-Co surfaces, no matter at which Fe-M formulations. However, on Fe-Pd surfaces, CO 2 adsorption configurations were found to be sensitive to surface Pd content, resulting in large distinctions in adsorption stabilities of CO 2 as compared to Fe-Co and Fe-Ni surfaces. CO 2 dissociation and initial hydrogenation were comparatively investigated on Fe-M bimetallic surfaces, and the calculation results demonstrated that CO 2 conversion properties are similar over Fe-Ni and Fe-Co catalysts, with CO∗and HCOO∗as the preferred intermediates but the barriers are still above 0.8 eV. While on Fe-Pd bimetallic surfaces, CO 2 reactions exhibit significant distinctions with varying the surface Pd content, showing a dramatic preference (E act around 0.3∼0.4 eV) towards HCOO∗and CO∗formation at surface Pd/(Pd + Fe) atomic ratios of 4/9 and 5/9. The superior catalytic activities of Fe-Pd catalysts are attributed to the particular surface structures and electronic features at specific bimetallic formulations which result in unique adsorption configurations of CO 2 and facilitate the stabilization of transition states in CO∗and HCOO∗formation pathways in CO 2 conversion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-195
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of CO2 Utilization
Volume29
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Carbon Monoxide
Hydrogenation
Metals
catalyst
Catalysts
metal
adsorption
Adsorption
transition element
Transition metals
effect
fold
Surface structure
Density functional theory
Catalyst activity
stabilization
Stabilization

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

Cite this

@article{3d456f8553cd46fa9116a06b663f90ec,
title = "Comparative computational study of CO 2 dissociation and hydrogenation over Fe-M (M = Pd, Ni, Co) bimetallic catalysts: The effect of surface metal content",
abstract = "Density functional theory (DFT) calculations were performed to study CO 2 adsorption, dissociation and hydrogenation over Fe-M (M = Pd, Ni, Co) bimetallic catalysts, with a focus on probing the effect of surface content of the added transition metals to Fe. Various Fe-M bimetallic surfaces were constructed with varied surface atomic ratios of Fe/(Fe + M), based on which CO 2 and atomic H∗adsorptions were systematically examined. The H∗was found to be energetically favorable adsorbed at the 4-fold hollow site of Fe-M catalysts and the adsorption stability was slightly impacted by the surface content of the introduced transition metal. For CO 2 adsorption, stable bent structures adsorbed on the 4-fold hollow sites were identified on Fe-Ni and Fe-Co surfaces, no matter at which Fe-M formulations. However, on Fe-Pd surfaces, CO 2 adsorption configurations were found to be sensitive to surface Pd content, resulting in large distinctions in adsorption stabilities of CO 2 as compared to Fe-Co and Fe-Ni surfaces. CO 2 dissociation and initial hydrogenation were comparatively investigated on Fe-M bimetallic surfaces, and the calculation results demonstrated that CO 2 conversion properties are similar over Fe-Ni and Fe-Co catalysts, with CO∗and HCOO∗as the preferred intermediates but the barriers are still above 0.8 eV. While on Fe-Pd bimetallic surfaces, CO 2 reactions exhibit significant distinctions with varying the surface Pd content, showing a dramatic preference (E act around 0.3∼0.4 eV) towards HCOO∗and CO∗formation at surface Pd/(Pd + Fe) atomic ratios of 4/9 and 5/9. The superior catalytic activities of Fe-Pd catalysts are attributed to the particular surface structures and electronic features at specific bimetallic formulations which result in unique adsorption configurations of CO 2 and facilitate the stabilization of transition states in CO∗and HCOO∗formation pathways in CO 2 conversion.",
author = "Xiaowa Nie and Haozhi Wang and Zhiming Liang and Zhenzi Yu and Jiajin Zhang and Janik, {Michael John} and Xinwen Guo and Chunshan Song",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jcou.2018.12.010",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "29",
pages = "179--195",
journal = "Journal of CO2 Utilization",
issn = "2212-9820",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

Comparative computational study of CO 2 dissociation and hydrogenation over Fe-M (M = Pd, Ni, Co) bimetallic catalysts : The effect of surface metal content. / Nie, Xiaowa; Wang, Haozhi; Liang, Zhiming; Yu, Zhenzi; Zhang, Jiajin; Janik, Michael John; Guo, Xinwen; Song, Chunshan.

In: Journal of CO2 Utilization, Vol. 29, 01.01.2019, p. 179-195.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparative computational study of CO 2 dissociation and hydrogenation over Fe-M (M = Pd, Ni, Co) bimetallic catalysts

T2 - The effect of surface metal content

AU - Nie, Xiaowa

AU - Wang, Haozhi

AU - Liang, Zhiming

AU - Yu, Zhenzi

AU - Zhang, Jiajin

AU - Janik, Michael John

AU - Guo, Xinwen

AU - Song, Chunshan

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Density functional theory (DFT) calculations were performed to study CO 2 adsorption, dissociation and hydrogenation over Fe-M (M = Pd, Ni, Co) bimetallic catalysts, with a focus on probing the effect of surface content of the added transition metals to Fe. Various Fe-M bimetallic surfaces were constructed with varied surface atomic ratios of Fe/(Fe + M), based on which CO 2 and atomic H∗adsorptions were systematically examined. The H∗was found to be energetically favorable adsorbed at the 4-fold hollow site of Fe-M catalysts and the adsorption stability was slightly impacted by the surface content of the introduced transition metal. For CO 2 adsorption, stable bent structures adsorbed on the 4-fold hollow sites were identified on Fe-Ni and Fe-Co surfaces, no matter at which Fe-M formulations. However, on Fe-Pd surfaces, CO 2 adsorption configurations were found to be sensitive to surface Pd content, resulting in large distinctions in adsorption stabilities of CO 2 as compared to Fe-Co and Fe-Ni surfaces. CO 2 dissociation and initial hydrogenation were comparatively investigated on Fe-M bimetallic surfaces, and the calculation results demonstrated that CO 2 conversion properties are similar over Fe-Ni and Fe-Co catalysts, with CO∗and HCOO∗as the preferred intermediates but the barriers are still above 0.8 eV. While on Fe-Pd bimetallic surfaces, CO 2 reactions exhibit significant distinctions with varying the surface Pd content, showing a dramatic preference (E act around 0.3∼0.4 eV) towards HCOO∗and CO∗formation at surface Pd/(Pd + Fe) atomic ratios of 4/9 and 5/9. The superior catalytic activities of Fe-Pd catalysts are attributed to the particular surface structures and electronic features at specific bimetallic formulations which result in unique adsorption configurations of CO 2 and facilitate the stabilization of transition states in CO∗and HCOO∗formation pathways in CO 2 conversion.

AB - Density functional theory (DFT) calculations were performed to study CO 2 adsorption, dissociation and hydrogenation over Fe-M (M = Pd, Ni, Co) bimetallic catalysts, with a focus on probing the effect of surface content of the added transition metals to Fe. Various Fe-M bimetallic surfaces were constructed with varied surface atomic ratios of Fe/(Fe + M), based on which CO 2 and atomic H∗adsorptions were systematically examined. The H∗was found to be energetically favorable adsorbed at the 4-fold hollow site of Fe-M catalysts and the adsorption stability was slightly impacted by the surface content of the introduced transition metal. For CO 2 adsorption, stable bent structures adsorbed on the 4-fold hollow sites were identified on Fe-Ni and Fe-Co surfaces, no matter at which Fe-M formulations. However, on Fe-Pd surfaces, CO 2 adsorption configurations were found to be sensitive to surface Pd content, resulting in large distinctions in adsorption stabilities of CO 2 as compared to Fe-Co and Fe-Ni surfaces. CO 2 dissociation and initial hydrogenation were comparatively investigated on Fe-M bimetallic surfaces, and the calculation results demonstrated that CO 2 conversion properties are similar over Fe-Ni and Fe-Co catalysts, with CO∗and HCOO∗as the preferred intermediates but the barriers are still above 0.8 eV. While on Fe-Pd bimetallic surfaces, CO 2 reactions exhibit significant distinctions with varying the surface Pd content, showing a dramatic preference (E act around 0.3∼0.4 eV) towards HCOO∗and CO∗formation at surface Pd/(Pd + Fe) atomic ratios of 4/9 and 5/9. The superior catalytic activities of Fe-Pd catalysts are attributed to the particular surface structures and electronic features at specific bimetallic formulations which result in unique adsorption configurations of CO 2 and facilitate the stabilization of transition states in CO∗and HCOO∗formation pathways in CO 2 conversion.

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