Comparative diagnostic efficacy of recombinant LLO and PI-PLC-based ELISAs for detection of listeriosis in animals

Rahul D. Suryawanshi, Satya Veer Singh Malik, Bhushan Jayarao, Sandeep P. Chaudhari, Emily Savage, Jess Vergis, Nitin V. Kurkure, Sukhadeo B. Barbuddhe, Deepak B. Rawool

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Abstract

The present study for the first time evaluates the serodiagnostic efficacy of two recombinant antigens namely, listeriolysin O (rLLO) and phosphatidyl-inositol phospholipase C (rPI-PLC). Indirect ELISA with the above recombinant antigens was used on samples collected from bovines (n = 106), goats (n = 138) and pigs (n = 92) having either a history of abortion, emaciation and/or apparently healthy animals. Isolation of Listeria was attempted from the blood samples using USDA-FSIS method. On screening of test sera by rLLO-based ELISA, antibodies against anti-listeriolysin O (ALLO) were observed in goats (22.46%), bovines (15.10%) and pigs (16.31%). As advocated, after adsorption of positive serum samples with streptolysin O (SLO), the seropositivity for ALLO was marginally reduced (p > 0.05) in goats (21.73%) and bovines (10.38%), whereas, in pigs the reduction (5.43%) was significant (p < 0.05). On the contrary, rPI-PLC-based ELISA revealed higher non-specific seropositivity for antilisterial antibodies in goats (45.65%), bovines (31.13%) and pigs (8.69%). Further, on comparing the seropositivity with isolation rate, of the 16 animals that were culturally-positive for L. monocytogenes, 15 showed ALLO positivity in unadsorbed as well as SLO-adsorbed sera by rLLO-based ELISA, however, rPI-PLC-based ELISA could detect seropositivity in only 5 animals. Moreover, rPI-PLC-based ELISA also showed seropositivity in those animals (7/30) that were culturally positive for other Listeria spp. In conclusion, rLLO can serve as a better antigen than rPI-PLC in ELISA for the serodiagnosis of listeriosis in animals; however, prior adsorption of test sera with SLO is required to avoid false positive results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-45
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Microbiological Methods
Volume137
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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    Suryawanshi, R. D., Malik, S. V. S., Jayarao, B., Chaudhari, S. P., Savage, E., Vergis, J., Kurkure, N. V., Barbuddhe, S. B., & Rawool, D. B. (2017). Comparative diagnostic efficacy of recombinant LLO and PI-PLC-based ELISAs for detection of listeriosis in animals. Journal of Microbiological Methods, 137, 40-45. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mimet.2017.04.005