Comparing hydrothermal sintering and cold sintering process: Mechanisms, microstructure, kinetics and chemistry

Arnaud Ndayishimiye, Mert Y. Sengul, Sun Hwi Bang, Kosuke Tsuji, Kenji Takashima, Thomas Hérisson de Beauvoir, Dominique Denux, Jean Marc Thibaud, Adri C.T. van Duin, Catherine Elissalde, Graziella Goglio, Clive A. Randall

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Abstract

This study reports the sintering of zinc oxide (ZnO) through the comparison between the hydrothermal sintering (HS) and the cold sintering process (CSP) operating in closed and open conditions, respectively. Sintering was performed at 155 ± 5 °C applying a pressure of 320 MPa, and during different holding times (0 min, 20 min, 40 min and 80 min). Whatever the low sintering process used, ceramics characteristics are almost similar in terms of relative densities and ZnO structure. However, several differences such as the nature of stabilized phases, grain sizes and quantities of residual molecules in the densified pellets, were characterized and explained. The formation of zinc acetate “bridges” was observed ex situ in hydrothermally sintered samples. A detailed ReaxFF molecular dynamics simulation was performed to help understand the formation mechanisms of zinc acetate “bridges” and compare the chemical activities between HS and CSP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1312-1324
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

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    Ndayishimiye, A., Sengul, M. Y., Bang, S. H., Tsuji, K., Takashima, K., Hérisson de Beauvoir, T., Denux, D., Thibaud, J. M., van Duin, A. C. T., Elissalde, C., Goglio, G., & Randall, C. A. (2020). Comparing hydrothermal sintering and cold sintering process: Mechanisms, microstructure, kinetics and chemistry. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 40(4), 1312-1324. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2019.11.049