Intensity-modulated proton therapy minimizes the incidental irradiation of normal tissues in patients with head and neck cancer relative to intensity-modulated photon (x-ray) therapy and has been associated with lesser treatment-related toxicity and improved quality of life. A phase II/III randomized trial sponsored by the US National Cancer Institute is currently underway to compare deintensification treatment strategies with intensity-modulated proton therapy vs intensity-modulated photon (x-ray) therapy for patients with advanced-stage oropharyngeal tumors. After significant input from numerous stakeholders, the phase III portion of the randomized trial was redesigned as a noninferiority trial with progression-free survival as the primary endpoint. The process by which that redesign took place is described here.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cancer Research