Comparing unsteady loadings on wind turbines using TurbSim and LES flow fields

Adam W. Lavely, Ganesh Vijayakumar, James G. Brasseur, Eric G. Paterson, Michael P. Kinzel

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Unsteady loading on wind turbine blades due to atmospheric turbulence may be a cause for higher than anticipated wind turbine downtime. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has produced a turbulence simulator, TurbSim, for use in wind turbine development and analysis. We compare the turbulence created by TurbSim with atmospheric turbulence created with low-dissipation Large-Eddy Simulation of the canonical moderately convective atmospheric boundary layer. This turbulence is used to create inflow conditions to NREL's FAST code to study the differences in wind turbine loadings. Through examination of different wind turbine parameters, we observe differences between the kinematic and dynamic turbulence flow fields. In particular, we find that the predicted mean values for rotor power and lift are very similar between the two turbulence fields. However, the variance inherent in the LES turbulence is not found within the TurbSim kinematic turbulence. Matching the TurbSim mean Reynolds stresses to those of the LES flow field does not cause the correlations between wind velocity and turbine loadings to match. We conclude that TurbSim is a reasonable tool for some wind turbine analysis applications, but it does not fully capture the variance associated with the canonical moderately convective atmospheric boundary layer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012
Event50th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition - Nashville, TN, United States
Duration: Jan 9 2012Jan 12 2012

Other

Other50th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition
CountryUnited States
CityNashville, TN
Period1/9/121/12/12

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Wind turbines
Flow fields
Turbulence
Atmospheric boundary layer
Atmospheric turbulence
Kinematics
Large eddy simulation
Turbomachine blades
Turbines
Rotors
Simulators

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering

Cite this

Lavely, A. W., Vijayakumar, G., Brasseur, J. G., Paterson, E. G., & Kinzel, M. P. (2012). Comparing unsteady loadings on wind turbines using TurbSim and LES flow fields. Paper presented at 50th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition, Nashville, TN, United States. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2012-818
Lavely, Adam W. ; Vijayakumar, Ganesh ; Brasseur, James G. ; Paterson, Eric G. ; Kinzel, Michael P. / Comparing unsteady loadings on wind turbines using TurbSim and LES flow fields. Paper presented at 50th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition, Nashville, TN, United States.
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Lavely, AW, Vijayakumar, G, Brasseur, JG, Paterson, EG & Kinzel, MP 2012, 'Comparing unsteady loadings on wind turbines using TurbSim and LES flow fields' Paper presented at 50th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition, Nashville, TN, United States, 1/9/12 - 1/12/12, . https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2012-818

Comparing unsteady loadings on wind turbines using TurbSim and LES flow fields. / Lavely, Adam W.; Vijayakumar, Ganesh; Brasseur, James G.; Paterson, Eric G.; Kinzel, Michael P.

2012. Paper presented at 50th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition, Nashville, TN, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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N2 - Unsteady loading on wind turbine blades due to atmospheric turbulence may be a cause for higher than anticipated wind turbine downtime. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has produced a turbulence simulator, TurbSim, for use in wind turbine development and analysis. We compare the turbulence created by TurbSim with atmospheric turbulence created with low-dissipation Large-Eddy Simulation of the canonical moderately convective atmospheric boundary layer. This turbulence is used to create inflow conditions to NREL's FAST code to study the differences in wind turbine loadings. Through examination of different wind turbine parameters, we observe differences between the kinematic and dynamic turbulence flow fields. In particular, we find that the predicted mean values for rotor power and lift are very similar between the two turbulence fields. However, the variance inherent in the LES turbulence is not found within the TurbSim kinematic turbulence. Matching the TurbSim mean Reynolds stresses to those of the LES flow field does not cause the correlations between wind velocity and turbine loadings to match. We conclude that TurbSim is a reasonable tool for some wind turbine analysis applications, but it does not fully capture the variance associated with the canonical moderately convective atmospheric boundary layer.

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Lavely AW, Vijayakumar G, Brasseur JG, Paterson EG, Kinzel MP. Comparing unsteady loadings on wind turbines using TurbSim and LES flow fields. 2012. Paper presented at 50th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition, Nashville, TN, United States. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2012-818