Comparison and explanation of predictive capability of pellet quality metrics based on fundamental mechanical properties of ground willow and switchgrass

Apoorva Karamchandani, Hojae Yi, Virendra Puri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Willow is a light-weight and uniform-grained hardwood, which is a promising bioenergy crop. In this study, physical and mechanical properties of ground willow and quality of willow pellets were determined and compared with already published properties of more commonly used bioenergy crop, i.e., switchgrass. Rational explanations were provided for why certain mechanical properties were correlated well with pellet qualities. To that end, willow was ground with two different screen sizes (3.175 mm and 6.350 mm) and conditioned at two moisture contents (17.5% and 20.0% w.b.). The physical and mechanical properties of ground willow and pellet qualities were determined. Ground willow and switchgrass exhibited similar trends of mechanical properties, however, the magnitudes were different. For ground willow, compression index correlated well with strength of willow pellets, however, bulk modulus and spring-back index showed high correlations in case of switchgrass. This could be an attribute of different physical properties, i.e., particles size distribution, bulk density, and particle density, and chemical compositions. Higher levels of lignin present in willow than switchgrass might produce significant effect of resistance to compressibility. Ground willow underwent plastic deformation, which resulted in a high correlation to compression index. Ground switchgrass was dominated by elastic responses thus highly correlated to bulk modulus and spring-back index.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1411-1417
Number of pages7
JournalAdvanced Powder Technology
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

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Salix
Mechanical properties
Physical properties
Crops
Elastic moduli
Hardwoods
Lignin
Compressibility
Particle size analysis
Particles (particulate matter)
Plastic deformation
Moisture
Chemical analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

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abstract = "Willow is a light-weight and uniform-grained hardwood, which is a promising bioenergy crop. In this study, physical and mechanical properties of ground willow and quality of willow pellets were determined and compared with already published properties of more commonly used bioenergy crop, i.e., switchgrass. Rational explanations were provided for why certain mechanical properties were correlated well with pellet qualities. To that end, willow was ground with two different screen sizes (3.175 mm and 6.350 mm) and conditioned at two moisture contents (17.5{\%} and 20.0{\%} w.b.). The physical and mechanical properties of ground willow and pellet qualities were determined. Ground willow and switchgrass exhibited similar trends of mechanical properties, however, the magnitudes were different. For ground willow, compression index correlated well with strength of willow pellets, however, bulk modulus and spring-back index showed high correlations in case of switchgrass. This could be an attribute of different physical properties, i.e., particles size distribution, bulk density, and particle density, and chemical compositions. Higher levels of lignin present in willow than switchgrass might produce significant effect of resistance to compressibility. Ground willow underwent plastic deformation, which resulted in a high correlation to compression index. Ground switchgrass was dominated by elastic responses thus highly correlated to bulk modulus and spring-back index.",
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