Comparison between silicon photomultipliers and photomultiplier tubes for pulse shape discrimination with stilbene

Marc L. Ruch, Ciara B. Sivels, Steven A. Czyz, Marek Flaska, Sara A. Pozzi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

A stilbene crystal was coupled to a silicon photomultiplier (SiPM) to assess the performance of the detector's pulse shape discrimination (PSD) between fast neutrons and gamma rays. Pulses were digitized from a measurement of Cf-252 and digital charge comparison was used to perform PSD. The stilbene crystal was then coupled to a photomultiplier tube (PMT) and the measurement was repeated. The PSD performance when using the SiPM was compared to that of the system using the PMT. Both systems demonstrate efficient ability to discriminate between neutrons and gamma rays. While PMTs have long been the standard technology for light readout, SiPMs show similar capabilities while being less expensive, significantly more compact in size, significantly less sensitive to magnetic fields, and having lower power requirements. Potential drawbacks of SiPMs include elevated levels of noise and nonlinearity at high energies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2014 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, NSS/MIC 2014
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781479960972
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 10 2016
EventIEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, NSS/MIC 2014 - Seattle, United States
Duration: Nov 8 2014Nov 15 2014

Other

OtherIEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, NSS/MIC 2014
CountryUnited States
CitySeattle
Period11/8/1411/15/14

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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