Comparison of a Patient-Centered Weight Loss Program starting before versus after knee replacement: A pilot study

Christine A. Pellegrini, Rowland W. Chang, Dorothy D. Dunlop, David E. Conroy, Jungwha Lee, Linda Van Horn, Bonnie Spring, Kenzie A. Cameron

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Abstract

Background: Most patients risk gaining weight in the years after knee replacement, adding further concern to a population that is mostly overweight/obese prior to surgery. Objective: Via a randomised pilot study, we assessed changes in weight during a Patient Centered Weight Loss Program (PACE) initiated either before or after knee replacement, while simultaneously examining the feasibility of recruiting and retaining participants over 26 weeks. Methods: Recruitment outreach was made to 133 patients scheduled for knee replacement. Sixteen participants were randomised to a 14-session weight loss program that started either ≤6 weeks before surgery (PACE) or at 12 weeks post-op (Delayed PACE). Repeated measures ANOVAs were used to examine preliminary changes in weight, function, patient-reported outcomes, and physical activity across time (baseline/pre-op, 12 and 26 weeks after surgery) and group. Results: Retention was 75% and 69% at 12 and 26 weeks after surgery, respectively. Weight significantly decreased across the 26 weeks (P < 0.001). A group by time interaction (P = 0.03) demonstrated Delayed PACE [−7.6 ± 5.9 kg (−7.9 ± 5.9%)] lost significantly more weight than PACE [−2.5 ± 2.7 kg (−2.6 ± 2.6%)] participants at 26 weeks. Significant improvements across time were seen for all function and patient reported outcomes, however activity did not change. Conclusion: Conducting a behavioural intervention was challenging but feasible in a knee replacement population, with preliminary evidence suggesting that initiating a program 12 weeks after surgery produces greater weight losses at 26 weeks compared to a program starting before knee replacement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)472-478
Number of pages7
JournalObesity Research and Clinical Practice
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2018

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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