Comparison of acceleration, expansion, and brightness of sprite streamers obtained from modeling and high-speed video observations

N. Y. Liu, Victor P. Pasko, K. Adams, H. C. Stenbaek-Nielsen, M. G. McHarg

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    54 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We compare sprite streamer modeling results with high-speed video recordings of sprites made with 50-μs temporal resolution. Both the modeling results and the sprite videos show that sprite streamers propagate with acceleration and expansion during the initial stage of sprite development. The acceleration computed from the modeling for the applied electric fields close to the conventional breakdown threshold field is on the order of (0.5 -1) × 1010 ms-2 and is in good agreement with the peak values observed experimentally. We further discuss the effects of different spatial and temporal resolutions of an observational system on the visual, appearances of sprite streamers. It is found that the large variation in brightness of sprites estimated from several, observational studies can be directly attributed to different temporal and spatial resolutions of used instruments. Mainly due to the increasing radius of the streamer head of an accelerating streamer, the brightness of the streamer head increases as well. The comparison results demonstrate that the brightness of a sprite streamer head increases exponentially with time and can span more than 4 orders of magnitude in a very short period of about 1 ms. We propose a method for remote sensing of the spritedriving electric field in the mesospheric and lower ionospheric region by measuring the rate of the change of the brightness.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article numberA00E03
    JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
    Volume114
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Mar 1 2009

    Fingerprint

    sprite
    Luminance
    brightness
    high speed
    electric field
    expansion
    modeling
    temporal resolution
    Electric fields
    observational studies
    Video recording
    remote sensing
    Remote sensing
    spatial resolution
    electric fields
    comparison
    video
    speed
    ionospherics
    breakdown

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Geophysics
    • Forestry
    • Oceanography
    • Aquatic Science
    • Ecology
    • Water Science and Technology
    • Soil Science
    • Geochemistry and Petrology
    • Earth-Surface Processes
    • Atmospheric Science
    • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
    • Space and Planetary Science
    • Palaeontology

    Cite this

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    abstract = "We compare sprite streamer modeling results with high-speed video recordings of sprites made with 50-μs temporal resolution. Both the modeling results and the sprite videos show that sprite streamers propagate with acceleration and expansion during the initial stage of sprite development. The acceleration computed from the modeling for the applied electric fields close to the conventional breakdown threshold field is on the order of (0.5 -1) × 1010 ms-2 and is in good agreement with the peak values observed experimentally. We further discuss the effects of different spatial and temporal resolutions of an observational system on the visual, appearances of sprite streamers. It is found that the large variation in brightness of sprites estimated from several, observational studies can be directly attributed to different temporal and spatial resolutions of used instruments. Mainly due to the increasing radius of the streamer head of an accelerating streamer, the brightness of the streamer head increases as well. The comparison results demonstrate that the brightness of a sprite streamer head increases exponentially with time and can span more than 4 orders of magnitude in a very short period of about 1 ms. We propose a method for remote sensing of the spritedriving electric field in the mesospheric and lower ionospheric region by measuring the rate of the change of the brightness.",
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    Comparison of acceleration, expansion, and brightness of sprite streamers obtained from modeling and high-speed video observations. / Liu, N. Y.; Pasko, Victor P.; Adams, K.; Stenbaek-Nielsen, H. C.; McHarg, M. G.

    In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 114, No. 3, A00E03, 01.03.2009.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - Pasko, Victor P.

    AU - Adams, K.

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    AU - McHarg, M. G.

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    N2 - We compare sprite streamer modeling results with high-speed video recordings of sprites made with 50-μs temporal resolution. Both the modeling results and the sprite videos show that sprite streamers propagate with acceleration and expansion during the initial stage of sprite development. The acceleration computed from the modeling for the applied electric fields close to the conventional breakdown threshold field is on the order of (0.5 -1) × 1010 ms-2 and is in good agreement with the peak values observed experimentally. We further discuss the effects of different spatial and temporal resolutions of an observational system on the visual, appearances of sprite streamers. It is found that the large variation in brightness of sprites estimated from several, observational studies can be directly attributed to different temporal and spatial resolutions of used instruments. Mainly due to the increasing radius of the streamer head of an accelerating streamer, the brightness of the streamer head increases as well. The comparison results demonstrate that the brightness of a sprite streamer head increases exponentially with time and can span more than 4 orders of magnitude in a very short period of about 1 ms. We propose a method for remote sensing of the spritedriving electric field in the mesospheric and lower ionospheric region by measuring the rate of the change of the brightness.

    AB - We compare sprite streamer modeling results with high-speed video recordings of sprites made with 50-μs temporal resolution. Both the modeling results and the sprite videos show that sprite streamers propagate with acceleration and expansion during the initial stage of sprite development. The acceleration computed from the modeling for the applied electric fields close to the conventional breakdown threshold field is on the order of (0.5 -1) × 1010 ms-2 and is in good agreement with the peak values observed experimentally. We further discuss the effects of different spatial and temporal resolutions of an observational system on the visual, appearances of sprite streamers. It is found that the large variation in brightness of sprites estimated from several, observational studies can be directly attributed to different temporal and spatial resolutions of used instruments. Mainly due to the increasing radius of the streamer head of an accelerating streamer, the brightness of the streamer head increases as well. The comparison results demonstrate that the brightness of a sprite streamer head increases exponentially with time and can span more than 4 orders of magnitude in a very short period of about 1 ms. We propose a method for remote sensing of the spritedriving electric field in the mesospheric and lower ionospheric region by measuring the rate of the change of the brightness.

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