Purpose: To compare clinical performance of 2 widely used symmetric-tip hemodialysis catheters. Materials and Methods: Patients with end-stage renal disease initiating or resuming hemodialysis were randomized to receive an Arrow–Clark VectorFlow (n = 50) or Palindrome catheter (n = 50). Primary outcome was 90-d primary unassisted catheter patency. Secondary outcomes were Kt/V ([dialyzer urea clearance × total treatment time]/total volume of urea distribution), urea reduction ratio (URR), and effective blood flow (QB). Results: Primary unassisted patency rates with the VectorFlow catheter at 30, 60, and 90 d were 95.5% ± 3.3, 87.2% ± 7.3, and 80.6% ± 9.8, respectively, compared with 89.1% ± 6.2, 79.4% ± 10.0, and 71.5% ± 12.6 with the Palindrome catheter (P = .20). Patients with VectorFlow catheters had a mean Kt/V of 1.5 at 30-, 60-, and 90-day time points, significantly higher than the mean Kt/V of 1.3 among those with Palindrome catheters (P = .0003). URRs were not significantly different between catheters. Catheter QB rates exceeded National Kidney Foundation–recommended thresholds of 300 mL/min at all time points for both catheters and were similar for both catheters (median, 373 mL/min). Catheter failure, ie, poor flow rate requiring guide-wire exchange or removal, within the 90-day primary outcome occurred in 3 VectorFlow subjects and 5 Palindrome subjects (P = .72). Infection rates were similar, with 0.98 infections per 1,000 catheter days for VectorFlow catheters compared with 2.62 per 1,000 catheter days for Palindrome catheters (P = .44). Conclusions: The 90-day primary patency rates of Palindrome and VectorFlow catheters were not significantly different, and both achieved sustained high QB through 90 day follow-up. However, dialysis adequacy based on Kt/V was consistently better with the VectorFlow catheter versus the Palindrome.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine