A modern, effective, two-phase heat transfer device, a loop heat pipe (LHP), was studied analytically and experimentally. A 1-D steady-state model was developed based on energy balance equations. The mathematical modeling procedures of each component are explained in detail, including a model of the secondary wick in the evaporator. Other models neglect the existence of the secondary wick because the detailed designs of the secondary wick are often proprietary. Three sets of experiments were performed at different elevations. Results of experimental data are compared with 1-D steady-state model predictions. The comparisons show that the model predictions of steady state operating temperatures for both zero elevation and adverse elevation are within 2 percent. It has been clearly demonstrated that the 1-D steady-state model is a useful tool for future LHP study.