Capacitative calcium entry or store-operated calcium entry in nonexcitable cells is a process whereby the activation of calcium influx across the plasma membrane is signaled by depletion of intracellular calcium stores. Transient receptor potential (TRP) proteins have been proposed as candidates for store-operated calcium channels. Human TRPC3 (hTRPC3), an extensively studied member of the TRP family, is activated through a phospholipase C-dependent mechanism, not by store depletion, when expressed in HEK293 cells. However, store depletion by thapsigargin is sufficient to activate hTRPC3 channels when expressed in DT40 avian B-lymphocytes. To gain further insights into the differences between hTRPC3 channels generated in these two expression systems and further understand the role of hTRPC3 in capacitative calcium entry, we examined the effect of two well characterized inhibitors of capacitative calcium entry, Gd3+ and 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borane (2APB). We confirmed that in both DT40 cells and HEK293 cells, 1 μM Gd3+ or 30 μM 2APB completely blocked calcium entry due to receptor activation or store depletion. In HEK293 cells, 1 μM Gd3+ did not block receptor-activated hTRPC3-mediated cation entry, whereas 2APB had a partial (∼60%) inhibitory effect. Interestingly, store-operated hTRPC3-mediated cation entry in DT40 cells was also partially inhibited by 2APB, whereas 1 μM Gd3+ completely blocked store-operated hTRPC3 activity in these cells. Furthermore, the sensitivity of store-operated hTRPC3 channels to Gd3+ in DT40 cells was similar to the endogenous store-operated channels, with essentially 100% block of activity at concentrations as low as 0.1 μM. Finally, Gd3+ has a rapid inhibitory effect when added to fully developed hTRPC3-mediated calcium entry, suggesting a direct action of Gd3+ on hTRPC3 channels. The distinct action of these inhibitors on hTRPC3-mediated cation entry in these two cell types may result from their different modes of activation and may also reflect differences in basic channel structure.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology