Comparison of k-ε models in predicting heat transfer and skin friction under high free stream turbulence

Ganesh R. Iyer, Savas Yavuzkurt

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Calculations of the effects of high free stream turbulence (FST) on heat transfer and skin friction in a flat plate turbulent boundary layer using different k-ε models (Launder-Sharma, K-Y Chien, Lam-Bremhorst and Jones-Launder) are presented. This study was carried out in order to investigate the prediction capabilities of these models under high FST conditions. In doing so, TEXSTAN, a partial differential equation solver which is based on the ideas of Patankar and Spalding and solves steady-flow boundary layer equations, was used. Firstly, these models were compared as to how they predicted very low FST (≤ 1% turbulence intensity) cases. These baseline cases were tested by comparing predictions with both experimental data and empirical correlations. Then, these models were used in order to determine the effect of high FST (>5% turbulence intensity) on heat transfer and skin friction and compared with experimental data. Predictions for heat transfer and skin friction coefficient for all the turbulence intensities tested by all the models agreed well (within 1-8%) with experimental data. However, all these models predicted poorly the dissipation of turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) in the free stream and TKE profiles. Physical reasoning as to why the aforementioned models differ in their predictions and the probable cause of poor prediction of free-stream TKE and TKE profiles are given.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (Paper)
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

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Skin friction
Turbulence
Heat transfer
Kinetic energy
Boundary layers
Steady flow
Partial differential equations

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Comparison of k-ε models in predicting heat transfer and skin friction under high free stream turbulence",
abstract = "Calculations of the effects of high free stream turbulence (FST) on heat transfer and skin friction in a flat plate turbulent boundary layer using different k-ε models (Launder-Sharma, K-Y Chien, Lam-Bremhorst and Jones-Launder) are presented. This study was carried out in order to investigate the prediction capabilities of these models under high FST conditions. In doing so, TEXSTAN, a partial differential equation solver which is based on the ideas of Patankar and Spalding and solves steady-flow boundary layer equations, was used. Firstly, these models were compared as to how they predicted very low FST (≤ 1{\%} turbulence intensity) cases. These baseline cases were tested by comparing predictions with both experimental data and empirical correlations. Then, these models were used in order to determine the effect of high FST (>5{\%} turbulence intensity) on heat transfer and skin friction and compared with experimental data. Predictions for heat transfer and skin friction coefficient for all the turbulence intensities tested by all the models agreed well (within 1-8{\%}) with experimental data. However, all these models predicted poorly the dissipation of turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) in the free stream and TKE profiles. Physical reasoning as to why the aforementioned models differ in their predictions and the probable cause of poor prediction of free-stream TKE and TKE profiles are given.",
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Comparison of k-ε models in predicting heat transfer and skin friction under high free stream turbulence. / Iyer, Ganesh R.; Yavuzkurt, Savas.

In: American Society of Mechanical Engineers (Paper), 01.01.1996.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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T1 - Comparison of k-ε models in predicting heat transfer and skin friction under high free stream turbulence

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AU - Yavuzkurt, Savas

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N2 - Calculations of the effects of high free stream turbulence (FST) on heat transfer and skin friction in a flat plate turbulent boundary layer using different k-ε models (Launder-Sharma, K-Y Chien, Lam-Bremhorst and Jones-Launder) are presented. This study was carried out in order to investigate the prediction capabilities of these models under high FST conditions. In doing so, TEXSTAN, a partial differential equation solver which is based on the ideas of Patankar and Spalding and solves steady-flow boundary layer equations, was used. Firstly, these models were compared as to how they predicted very low FST (≤ 1% turbulence intensity) cases. These baseline cases were tested by comparing predictions with both experimental data and empirical correlations. Then, these models were used in order to determine the effect of high FST (>5% turbulence intensity) on heat transfer and skin friction and compared with experimental data. Predictions for heat transfer and skin friction coefficient for all the turbulence intensities tested by all the models agreed well (within 1-8%) with experimental data. However, all these models predicted poorly the dissipation of turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) in the free stream and TKE profiles. Physical reasoning as to why the aforementioned models differ in their predictions and the probable cause of poor prediction of free-stream TKE and TKE profiles are given.

AB - Calculations of the effects of high free stream turbulence (FST) on heat transfer and skin friction in a flat plate turbulent boundary layer using different k-ε models (Launder-Sharma, K-Y Chien, Lam-Bremhorst and Jones-Launder) are presented. This study was carried out in order to investigate the prediction capabilities of these models under high FST conditions. In doing so, TEXSTAN, a partial differential equation solver which is based on the ideas of Patankar and Spalding and solves steady-flow boundary layer equations, was used. Firstly, these models were compared as to how they predicted very low FST (≤ 1% turbulence intensity) cases. These baseline cases were tested by comparing predictions with both experimental data and empirical correlations. Then, these models were used in order to determine the effect of high FST (>5% turbulence intensity) on heat transfer and skin friction and compared with experimental data. Predictions for heat transfer and skin friction coefficient for all the turbulence intensities tested by all the models agreed well (within 1-8%) with experimental data. However, all these models predicted poorly the dissipation of turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) in the free stream and TKE profiles. Physical reasoning as to why the aforementioned models differ in their predictions and the probable cause of poor prediction of free-stream TKE and TKE profiles are given.

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