Piezoelectric energy harvesting from ambient vibrations offers an environmentally friendly approach to powering distributed sensors for the Internet of Things. This paper gives a direct comparison of Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 (PZT)- and (K,Na)NbO3 (KNN)-based harvesters using a compliant mechanism harvester design for resonant frequencies of 20, 40, and 70 Hz. At 70 Hz, the measured power densities for PZT- and KNN-based devices are 1139 and 31 μW/mm3, respectively, for unimorph structures on nickel foils of 25 and 50 μm in thickness. The power density ratios scale proportionally to the material energy harvesting figures of merit. Energy harvesting with the compliant mechanism design is twice as efficient when compared to harvesting with a simple cantilever beam.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)