A major constraint in breeding for resistance to soybean rust has been the virulence diversity in Phakopsora pachyrhizi populations. In greenhouse experiments, reactions of 18 soybean genotypes to 24 U.S. isolates from 2007 and 2008 and 4 foreign isolates were compared. Reactions of four differentials (Rpp1 to Rpp4) to these U.S. isolates were also compared with reactions to nine foreign isolates and three U.S. isolates from 2004. Principal component analysis (PCA) of the reaction types grouped the U.S. isolates into a single virulence group, whereas each of the foreign isolates had a unique virulence pattern. In another experiment, reactions of 11 differentials to the 24 U.S. isolates were compared and significant interactions (P < 0.001) were found between the isolates and host genotypes for rust severity and uredinia densities. PCA of these two measures of disease placed the 24 isolates into seven or six aggressiveness groups, respectively. In a third experiment, evaluation of 20 soybean genotypes for resistance to the previously established aggressive groups identified 10 genotypes resistant to isolates representing most of the groups. This study confirmed the pathogenic diversity in P. pachyrhizi populations and identified soybean germplasm with resistance to representative U.S. isolates that can be used in breeding.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agronomy and Crop Science
- Plant Science