Comparison of performance on two nonverbal intelligence tests by adolescents with and without language impairment

Carol Anne Miller, Erin Gilbert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Definitions of specific language impairment (SLI), for both research and clinical purposes, often state that nonverbal IQ scores must be within normal limits. This use of nonverbal IQ has been criticized on several grounds, including lack of equivalence between tests. In the current study, a sample of 204 adolescents with and without language impairment took two nonverbal IQ tests. Scores on the tests were compared, as was the classification of individuals into diagnostic categories according to the two tests. Results indicated that there were significant differences between test scores for clinical subgroups, and classification of individuals as having SLI varied substantially depending on the test used. The findings are interpreted as providing further evidence that nonverbal IQ should be used only cautiously, if at all, in defining SLI. Learning outcomes: Readers will (1) understand problems with the use of nonverbal IQ criteria in diagnosis of SLI and (2) be able to cite data showing that different nonverbal IQ tests can lead to different diagnoses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)358-371
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Communication Disorders
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2008

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intelligence test
Intelligence Tests
Language
adolescent
language
performance
equivalence
Learning
diagnostic
Research
lack
learning
evidence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Speech and Hearing
  • LPN and LVN

Cite this

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Comparison of performance on two nonverbal intelligence tests by adolescents with and without language impairment. / Miller, Carol Anne; Gilbert, Erin.

In: Journal of Communication Disorders, Vol. 41, No. 4, 01.07.2008, p. 358-371.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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