Comparison of posture and balance in cancer survivors and age-matched controls

Abigail C. Schmitt, Chris P. Repka, Gary D. Heise, John Henry Challis, Jeremy D. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background The combination of peripheral neuropathy and other treatment-associated side effects is likely related to an increased incidence of falls in cancer survivors. The purpose of this study was to quantify differences in postural stability between healthy age-matched controls and cancer survivors. Methods Quiet standing under four conditions (eyes open/closed, rigid/compliant surface) was assessed in 34 cancer survivors (2 males, 32 females; age: 54(13) yrs., height: 1.62(0.07) m; mass: 78.5(19.5) kg) and 34 age-matched controls (5 males, 29 females; age: 54(15) yrs.; height: 1.62(0.08) m; mass: 72.8(21.1) kg). Center of pressure data were collected for 30 s and the trajectories were analyzed (100 Hz). Three-factor (group*surface*vision) mixed model MANOVAs with repeated measures were used to determine the effect of vision and surface on postural steadiness between groups. Findings Cancer survivors exhibited larger mediolateral root-mean square distance and velocity of the center of pressure, as well as increased 95% confidence ellipse area (P < 0.01) when compared with their age-matched counterparts. For example, when removing visual input, cancer survivors had an average increase in 95% confidence ellipse area of 91.8 mm2 while standing on a rigid surface compared to a 68.6 mm2 increase for the control group. No frequency-based center of pressure measures differed between groups. Interpretation Cancer survivors exhibit decreased postural steadiness when compared with age-matched controls. For cancer survivors undergoing rehabilitation focused on existing balance deficits, a small subset of the center of pressure measures presented here can be used to track progress throughout the intervention and potentially mitigate fall risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Biomechanics
Volume50
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

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Posture
Neoplasms
Pressure
Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
Rehabilitation
Control Groups
Incidence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Schmitt, Abigail C. ; Repka, Chris P. ; Heise, Gary D. ; Challis, John Henry ; Smith, Jeremy D. / Comparison of posture and balance in cancer survivors and age-matched controls. In: Clinical Biomechanics. 2017 ; Vol. 50. pp. 1-6.
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Comparison of posture and balance in cancer survivors and age-matched controls. / Schmitt, Abigail C.; Repka, Chris P.; Heise, Gary D.; Challis, John Henry; Smith, Jeremy D.

In: Clinical Biomechanics, Vol. 50, 01.12.2017, p. 1-6.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Comparison of posture and balance in cancer survivors and age-matched controls

AU - Schmitt, Abigail C.

AU - Repka, Chris P.

AU - Heise, Gary D.

AU - Challis, John Henry

AU - Smith, Jeremy D.

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N2 - Background The combination of peripheral neuropathy and other treatment-associated side effects is likely related to an increased incidence of falls in cancer survivors. The purpose of this study was to quantify differences in postural stability between healthy age-matched controls and cancer survivors. Methods Quiet standing under four conditions (eyes open/closed, rigid/compliant surface) was assessed in 34 cancer survivors (2 males, 32 females; age: 54(13) yrs., height: 1.62(0.07) m; mass: 78.5(19.5) kg) and 34 age-matched controls (5 males, 29 females; age: 54(15) yrs.; height: 1.62(0.08) m; mass: 72.8(21.1) kg). Center of pressure data were collected for 30 s and the trajectories were analyzed (100 Hz). Three-factor (group*surface*vision) mixed model MANOVAs with repeated measures were used to determine the effect of vision and surface on postural steadiness between groups. Findings Cancer survivors exhibited larger mediolateral root-mean square distance and velocity of the center of pressure, as well as increased 95% confidence ellipse area (P < 0.01) when compared with their age-matched counterparts. For example, when removing visual input, cancer survivors had an average increase in 95% confidence ellipse area of 91.8 mm2 while standing on a rigid surface compared to a 68.6 mm2 increase for the control group. No frequency-based center of pressure measures differed between groups. Interpretation Cancer survivors exhibit decreased postural steadiness when compared with age-matched controls. For cancer survivors undergoing rehabilitation focused on existing balance deficits, a small subset of the center of pressure measures presented here can be used to track progress throughout the intervention and potentially mitigate fall risk.

AB - Background The combination of peripheral neuropathy and other treatment-associated side effects is likely related to an increased incidence of falls in cancer survivors. The purpose of this study was to quantify differences in postural stability between healthy age-matched controls and cancer survivors. Methods Quiet standing under four conditions (eyes open/closed, rigid/compliant surface) was assessed in 34 cancer survivors (2 males, 32 females; age: 54(13) yrs., height: 1.62(0.07) m; mass: 78.5(19.5) kg) and 34 age-matched controls (5 males, 29 females; age: 54(15) yrs.; height: 1.62(0.08) m; mass: 72.8(21.1) kg). Center of pressure data were collected for 30 s and the trajectories were analyzed (100 Hz). Three-factor (group*surface*vision) mixed model MANOVAs with repeated measures were used to determine the effect of vision and surface on postural steadiness between groups. Findings Cancer survivors exhibited larger mediolateral root-mean square distance and velocity of the center of pressure, as well as increased 95% confidence ellipse area (P < 0.01) when compared with their age-matched counterparts. For example, when removing visual input, cancer survivors had an average increase in 95% confidence ellipse area of 91.8 mm2 while standing on a rigid surface compared to a 68.6 mm2 increase for the control group. No frequency-based center of pressure measures differed between groups. Interpretation Cancer survivors exhibit decreased postural steadiness when compared with age-matched controls. For cancer survivors undergoing rehabilitation focused on existing balance deficits, a small subset of the center of pressure measures presented here can be used to track progress throughout the intervention and potentially mitigate fall risk.

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