Comparison of sooting propensity of JP-8 with its surrogates in a wick burner and a model gas turbine combustor

Venkatesh Iyer, Suresh Iyer, Stephen Dooley, Milton Linevsky, Frederick Dryer, Thomas Litzinger, Christopher Mordaunt, Robert Santoro

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A four-component surrogate fuel composed of n-dodecane, iso-octane, n-propylbenzene, and 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene was formulated to match the hydrogen-to-carbon ratio, derived cetane number, molecular weight, and the threshold soot index (TSI) of JP-8. Two additional surrogate fuels were formulated to match the TSI of JP-8 using narrow-cut solvent fuels obtained from Exxon-Mobil. Experiments were conducted on a wick-fed co-flow laminar diffusion flame to compare the sooting tendencies under laboratory conditions, and on an optically-accessible, model gas turbine combustor to compare the soot concentrations under conditions closer to those found in practical applications. In both tests, soot volume fractions for JP-8 and the surrogates were obtained using laser light extinction. The measurements showed that surrogate fuels had similar soot volume fractions to JP-8 in both the wick flame and the model gas turbine combustor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationFall Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute 2011
PublisherCombustion Institute
Pages311-317
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781622761258
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011
EventFall Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute 2011 - Storrs, United States
Duration: Oct 9 2011Oct 12 2011

Publication series

NameFall Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute 2011

Other

OtherFall Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute 2011
CountryUnited States
CityStorrs
Period10/9/1110/12/11

Fingerprint

Soot
wicks
gas turbines
burners
soot
combustion chambers
Combustors
Fuel burners
Gas turbines
Volume fraction
cetane
Light extinction
Antiknock rating
thresholds
diffusion flames
octanes
Laminar flow
Hydrogen
flames
molecular weight

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Iyer, V., Iyer, S., Dooley, S., Linevsky, M., Dryer, F., Litzinger, T., ... Santoro, R. (2011). Comparison of sooting propensity of JP-8 with its surrogates in a wick burner and a model gas turbine combustor. In Fall Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute 2011 (pp. 311-317). (Fall Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute 2011). Combustion Institute.
Iyer, Venkatesh ; Iyer, Suresh ; Dooley, Stephen ; Linevsky, Milton ; Dryer, Frederick ; Litzinger, Thomas ; Mordaunt, Christopher ; Santoro, Robert. / Comparison of sooting propensity of JP-8 with its surrogates in a wick burner and a model gas turbine combustor. Fall Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute 2011. Combustion Institute, 2011. pp. 311-317 (Fall Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute 2011).
@inproceedings{807e30ed55b34b69b6fb76cde6ebc18a,
title = "Comparison of sooting propensity of JP-8 with its surrogates in a wick burner and a model gas turbine combustor",
abstract = "A four-component surrogate fuel composed of n-dodecane, iso-octane, n-propylbenzene, and 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene was formulated to match the hydrogen-to-carbon ratio, derived cetane number, molecular weight, and the threshold soot index (TSI) of JP-8. Two additional surrogate fuels were formulated to match the TSI of JP-8 using narrow-cut solvent fuels obtained from Exxon-Mobil. Experiments were conducted on a wick-fed co-flow laminar diffusion flame to compare the sooting tendencies under laboratory conditions, and on an optically-accessible, model gas turbine combustor to compare the soot concentrations under conditions closer to those found in practical applications. In both tests, soot volume fractions for JP-8 and the surrogates were obtained using laser light extinction. The measurements showed that surrogate fuels had similar soot volume fractions to JP-8 in both the wick flame and the model gas turbine combustor.",
author = "Venkatesh Iyer and Suresh Iyer and Stephen Dooley and Milton Linevsky and Frederick Dryer and Thomas Litzinger and Christopher Mordaunt and Robert Santoro",
year = "2011",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
series = "Fall Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute 2011",
publisher = "Combustion Institute",
pages = "311--317",
booktitle = "Fall Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute 2011",

}

Iyer, V, Iyer, S, Dooley, S, Linevsky, M, Dryer, F, Litzinger, T, Mordaunt, C & Santoro, R 2011, Comparison of sooting propensity of JP-8 with its surrogates in a wick burner and a model gas turbine combustor. in Fall Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute 2011. Fall Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute 2011, Combustion Institute, pp. 311-317, Fall Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute 2011, Storrs, United States, 10/9/11.

Comparison of sooting propensity of JP-8 with its surrogates in a wick burner and a model gas turbine combustor. / Iyer, Venkatesh; Iyer, Suresh; Dooley, Stephen; Linevsky, Milton; Dryer, Frederick; Litzinger, Thomas; Mordaunt, Christopher; Santoro, Robert.

Fall Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute 2011. Combustion Institute, 2011. p. 311-317 (Fall Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute 2011).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Comparison of sooting propensity of JP-8 with its surrogates in a wick burner and a model gas turbine combustor

AU - Iyer, Venkatesh

AU - Iyer, Suresh

AU - Dooley, Stephen

AU - Linevsky, Milton

AU - Dryer, Frederick

AU - Litzinger, Thomas

AU - Mordaunt, Christopher

AU - Santoro, Robert

PY - 2011/1/1

Y1 - 2011/1/1

N2 - A four-component surrogate fuel composed of n-dodecane, iso-octane, n-propylbenzene, and 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene was formulated to match the hydrogen-to-carbon ratio, derived cetane number, molecular weight, and the threshold soot index (TSI) of JP-8. Two additional surrogate fuels were formulated to match the TSI of JP-8 using narrow-cut solvent fuels obtained from Exxon-Mobil. Experiments were conducted on a wick-fed co-flow laminar diffusion flame to compare the sooting tendencies under laboratory conditions, and on an optically-accessible, model gas turbine combustor to compare the soot concentrations under conditions closer to those found in practical applications. In both tests, soot volume fractions for JP-8 and the surrogates were obtained using laser light extinction. The measurements showed that surrogate fuels had similar soot volume fractions to JP-8 in both the wick flame and the model gas turbine combustor.

AB - A four-component surrogate fuel composed of n-dodecane, iso-octane, n-propylbenzene, and 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene was formulated to match the hydrogen-to-carbon ratio, derived cetane number, molecular weight, and the threshold soot index (TSI) of JP-8. Two additional surrogate fuels were formulated to match the TSI of JP-8 using narrow-cut solvent fuels obtained from Exxon-Mobil. Experiments were conducted on a wick-fed co-flow laminar diffusion flame to compare the sooting tendencies under laboratory conditions, and on an optically-accessible, model gas turbine combustor to compare the soot concentrations under conditions closer to those found in practical applications. In both tests, soot volume fractions for JP-8 and the surrogates were obtained using laser light extinction. The measurements showed that surrogate fuels had similar soot volume fractions to JP-8 in both the wick flame and the model gas turbine combustor.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84946811182&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84946811182&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84946811182

T3 - Fall Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute 2011

SP - 311

EP - 317

BT - Fall Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute 2011

PB - Combustion Institute

ER -

Iyer V, Iyer S, Dooley S, Linevsky M, Dryer F, Litzinger T et al. Comparison of sooting propensity of JP-8 with its surrogates in a wick burner and a model gas turbine combustor. In Fall Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute 2011. Combustion Institute. 2011. p. 311-317. (Fall Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute 2011).