Comparison of the cardiovascular effects of isoflurane and sevoflurane as measured by magnetic resonance imaging in children with congenital heart disease

Priti G. Dalal, Andrew Corner, Chris Chin, Carine Wood, Reza Razavi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study Objective: To compare the cardiovascular effects of isoflurane and sevoflurane at minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) = 1 in children with congenital heart disease using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Design: Randomized, crossover, single-blinded study. Setting: Tertiary-care teaching hospital. Patients: 10 pediatric patients with congenital heart diseases scheduled to undergo cardiac magnetic resonance studies. Interventions: Patients were randomized to receive either isoflurane or sevoflurane as the "first inhalation agent." After a period or more than 20 minutes, they were crossed over to receive the "second inhalation agent.". Measurements: Heart rate, mean arterial pressure (MAP), cardiac index, stroke volume index, and ejection fraction (EF) at one MAC for both agents were all recorded. Main Results: Both isoflurane and sevoflurane caused a significant decrease in MAP from the baseline (P = 0.013). The mean values (±SD) of stroke volume (mL), cardiac index (L min-1 m-2), and EF (%) for isoflurane versus sevoflurane were 21.5 (±9.2) versus 19.6 (±6.2), 4.1 (±1.2) versus 3.7 (±0.87), and 64.2 (±14.5) versus 62.5 (±13.8), respectively. Conclusion: Both isoflurane and sevoflurane were found to be comparable in terms of cardiovascular effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-44
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Anesthesia
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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