Study Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness, safety, ease of placement, and ventilatory parameters of a new alternate airway device, the EasyTube® (EzT; Teleflex Ruesch, Research Triangle Park, NC), in comparison to the endotracheal tube (ETT). Design: Prospective, randomized controlled trial. Setting: University Hospital. Subjects: 200 adult ASA physical status I and II patients scheduled for surgery. Interventions: Patients were randomized to two groups, one to receive ventilation via the EzT (n = 100) or the ETT (n = 100). After preoxygenation and induction with fentanyl and propofol, patients received muscle relaxation. The respective airway device was then inserted and mechanical ventilation was instituted. Measurements: Ease of insertion, number of insertion maneuvers, time until airtight seal of the airway was achieved, duration of surgery, leak pressure as well as arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2), and end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2) data, were recorded. Main Results: Mallampati airway class was higher in the EzT group (P < 0.029), while thyromental distance showed no difference between the two groups. Ease of insertion was noted in the EzT group (P < 0.043). Number of insertions was equal in both groups; insertion time was shorter with the EzT (15.5 ± 3.6 sec vs. 19.3 ± 4.6 sec; P < 0.0001). Leak pressure and SpO2 were not significantly different, while ETCO2 was lower with the ETT (P < 0.024). Adjustments had to be made for two EzT group patients. No difference in frequency of laryngo-pharyngeal discomfort was observed in either group. Conclusion: Insertion of an EzT appears to reduce time and facilitate placement of an airway device when compared with direct laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine