Objective: Short (≤3 months)- and middle (≥4 months)-term results of aortic valve replacement (AVR) using 19-mm Carpentier-Edwards Perimount (CEP) bioprosthetic valves and 19-mm Medtronic Mosaic (MM) bioprosthetic valves in patients with small aortic annulus were compared. Patients and Methods: At our facility, AVR was performed using bioprostheses in 110 patients from April 1999 to March 2006. Of these patients, 40 were treated using 19-mm CEP (Group C), and 9 using 19-mm MM (Group M). Evaluation by inquiry, physical examination, and echocardiography was performed before, a short term after, and a middle term after surgery, and the effects of AVR were compared. Results: The New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class grade showed improvements in both groups. The aortic valve peak pressure gradient was 29.8 ± 10.1 mmHg in Group C and 53.8 ± 17.3 mmHg in Group M, being higher in Group M, a middle term after surgery. However, the left ventricular mass index (LVMI) showed improvements in both groups compared with the values before surgery, and the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was maintained. During the middle term after surgery, the frequency of cardiac events showed no significant difference between the two groups. Conclusions: In the patients treated with 19-mm MM, the aortic valve peak pressure gradient was higher than in those treated with 19-mm CEP, but acceptable improvements in the LVMI, maintenance of the LVEF, and avoidance of cardiac events were observed in both groups. (Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2008; 14: 81-87).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 1 2008|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine