Comparison of the physical characteristics of chlorosomes from three different phyla of green phototrophic bacteria

Peter G. Adams, Ashley J. Cadby, Benjamin Robinson, Yusuke Tsukatani, Marcus Tank, Jianzhong Wen, Robert E. Blankenship, Donald Ashley Bryant, C. Neil Hunter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chlorosomes, the major antenna complexes in green sulphur bacteria, filamentous anoxygenic phototrophs, and phototrophic acidobacteria, are attached to the cytoplasmic side of the inner cell membrane and contain thousands of bacteriochlorophyll (BChl) molecules that harvest light and channel the energy to membranebound reaction centres. Chlorosomes from phototrophs representing three different phyla, Chloroflexus (Cfx.) aurantiacus, Chlorobaculum (Cba.) tepidum and the newly discovered "Candidatus (Ca.) Chloracidobacterium (Cab.) thermophilum" were analysed using PeakForce Tapping atomic force microscopy (PFT-AFM). Gentle PFT-AFM imaging in buffered solutions that maintained the chlorosomes in a near-native state revealed ellipsoids of variable size, with surface bumps and undulations that differ between individual chlorosomes. Cba. tepidum chlorosomes were the largest (133 × 57 × 36 nm; 141,000 nm3 volume), compared with chlorosomes from Cfx. aurantiacus (120 × 44 × 30 nm; 84,000 nm3) and Ca. Cab. thermophilum (99 × 40 × 31 nm; 65,000 nm3). Reflecting the contributions of thousands of pigment-pigment stacking interactions to the stability of these supramolecular assemblies, analysis by nanomechanical mapping shows that chlorosomes are highly stable and that their integrity is disrupted only by very strong forces of 1000-2000 pN. AFM topographs of Ca. Cab. thermophilum chlorosomes that had retained their attachment to the cytoplasmic membrane showed that this membrane dynamically changes shape and is composed of protrusions of up to 30 nm wide and 6 nmabove themica support, possibly representing different protein domains. Spectral imaging revealed significant heterogeneity in the fluorescence emission of individual chlorosomes, likely reflecting the variations in BChl c homolog composition and internal arrangements of the stacked BChls within each chlorosome. Crown

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1235-1244
Number of pages10
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics
Volume1827
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

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Atomic Force Microscopy
Pigments
Atomic force microscopy
Bacteria
Acidobacteria
Chlorobi
Cell Membrane
Bacteriochlorophylls
Membranes
Imaging techniques
Cell membranes
Crowns
Sulfur
Fluorescence
Antennas
Light
Molecules
Chemical analysis
Proteins
Chloroflexus

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Adams, Peter G. ; Cadby, Ashley J. ; Robinson, Benjamin ; Tsukatani, Yusuke ; Tank, Marcus ; Wen, Jianzhong ; Blankenship, Robert E. ; Bryant, Donald Ashley ; Hunter, C. Neil. / Comparison of the physical characteristics of chlorosomes from three different phyla of green phototrophic bacteria. In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics. 2013 ; Vol. 1827, No. 10. pp. 1235-1244.
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abstract = "Chlorosomes, the major antenna complexes in green sulphur bacteria, filamentous anoxygenic phototrophs, and phototrophic acidobacteria, are attached to the cytoplasmic side of the inner cell membrane and contain thousands of bacteriochlorophyll (BChl) molecules that harvest light and channel the energy to membranebound reaction centres. Chlorosomes from phototrophs representing three different phyla, Chloroflexus (Cfx.) aurantiacus, Chlorobaculum (Cba.) tepidum and the newly discovered {"}Candidatus (Ca.) Chloracidobacterium (Cab.) thermophilum{"} were analysed using PeakForce Tapping atomic force microscopy (PFT-AFM). Gentle PFT-AFM imaging in buffered solutions that maintained the chlorosomes in a near-native state revealed ellipsoids of variable size, with surface bumps and undulations that differ between individual chlorosomes. Cba. tepidum chlorosomes were the largest (133 × 57 × 36 nm; 141,000 nm3 volume), compared with chlorosomes from Cfx. aurantiacus (120 × 44 × 30 nm; 84,000 nm3) and Ca. Cab. thermophilum (99 × 40 × 31 nm; 65,000 nm3). Reflecting the contributions of thousands of pigment-pigment stacking interactions to the stability of these supramolecular assemblies, analysis by nanomechanical mapping shows that chlorosomes are highly stable and that their integrity is disrupted only by very strong forces of 1000-2000 pN. AFM topographs of Ca. Cab. thermophilum chlorosomes that had retained their attachment to the cytoplasmic membrane showed that this membrane dynamically changes shape and is composed of protrusions of up to 30 nm wide and 6 nmabove themica support, possibly representing different protein domains. Spectral imaging revealed significant heterogeneity in the fluorescence emission of individual chlorosomes, likely reflecting the variations in BChl c homolog composition and internal arrangements of the stacked BChls within each chlorosome. Crown",
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Comparison of the physical characteristics of chlorosomes from three different phyla of green phototrophic bacteria. / Adams, Peter G.; Cadby, Ashley J.; Robinson, Benjamin; Tsukatani, Yusuke; Tank, Marcus; Wen, Jianzhong; Blankenship, Robert E.; Bryant, Donald Ashley; Hunter, C. Neil.

In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics, Vol. 1827, No. 10, 01.01.2013, p. 1235-1244.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparison of the physical characteristics of chlorosomes from three different phyla of green phototrophic bacteria

AU - Adams, Peter G.

AU - Cadby, Ashley J.

AU - Robinson, Benjamin

AU - Tsukatani, Yusuke

AU - Tank, Marcus

AU - Wen, Jianzhong

AU - Blankenship, Robert E.

AU - Bryant, Donald Ashley

AU - Hunter, C. Neil

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N2 - Chlorosomes, the major antenna complexes in green sulphur bacteria, filamentous anoxygenic phototrophs, and phototrophic acidobacteria, are attached to the cytoplasmic side of the inner cell membrane and contain thousands of bacteriochlorophyll (BChl) molecules that harvest light and channel the energy to membranebound reaction centres. Chlorosomes from phototrophs representing three different phyla, Chloroflexus (Cfx.) aurantiacus, Chlorobaculum (Cba.) tepidum and the newly discovered "Candidatus (Ca.) Chloracidobacterium (Cab.) thermophilum" were analysed using PeakForce Tapping atomic force microscopy (PFT-AFM). Gentle PFT-AFM imaging in buffered solutions that maintained the chlorosomes in a near-native state revealed ellipsoids of variable size, with surface bumps and undulations that differ between individual chlorosomes. Cba. tepidum chlorosomes were the largest (133 × 57 × 36 nm; 141,000 nm3 volume), compared with chlorosomes from Cfx. aurantiacus (120 × 44 × 30 nm; 84,000 nm3) and Ca. Cab. thermophilum (99 × 40 × 31 nm; 65,000 nm3). Reflecting the contributions of thousands of pigment-pigment stacking interactions to the stability of these supramolecular assemblies, analysis by nanomechanical mapping shows that chlorosomes are highly stable and that their integrity is disrupted only by very strong forces of 1000-2000 pN. AFM topographs of Ca. Cab. thermophilum chlorosomes that had retained their attachment to the cytoplasmic membrane showed that this membrane dynamically changes shape and is composed of protrusions of up to 30 nm wide and 6 nmabove themica support, possibly representing different protein domains. Spectral imaging revealed significant heterogeneity in the fluorescence emission of individual chlorosomes, likely reflecting the variations in BChl c homolog composition and internal arrangements of the stacked BChls within each chlorosome. Crown

AB - Chlorosomes, the major antenna complexes in green sulphur bacteria, filamentous anoxygenic phototrophs, and phototrophic acidobacteria, are attached to the cytoplasmic side of the inner cell membrane and contain thousands of bacteriochlorophyll (BChl) molecules that harvest light and channel the energy to membranebound reaction centres. Chlorosomes from phototrophs representing three different phyla, Chloroflexus (Cfx.) aurantiacus, Chlorobaculum (Cba.) tepidum and the newly discovered "Candidatus (Ca.) Chloracidobacterium (Cab.) thermophilum" were analysed using PeakForce Tapping atomic force microscopy (PFT-AFM). Gentle PFT-AFM imaging in buffered solutions that maintained the chlorosomes in a near-native state revealed ellipsoids of variable size, with surface bumps and undulations that differ between individual chlorosomes. Cba. tepidum chlorosomes were the largest (133 × 57 × 36 nm; 141,000 nm3 volume), compared with chlorosomes from Cfx. aurantiacus (120 × 44 × 30 nm; 84,000 nm3) and Ca. Cab. thermophilum (99 × 40 × 31 nm; 65,000 nm3). Reflecting the contributions of thousands of pigment-pigment stacking interactions to the stability of these supramolecular assemblies, analysis by nanomechanical mapping shows that chlorosomes are highly stable and that their integrity is disrupted only by very strong forces of 1000-2000 pN. AFM topographs of Ca. Cab. thermophilum chlorosomes that had retained their attachment to the cytoplasmic membrane showed that this membrane dynamically changes shape and is composed of protrusions of up to 30 nm wide and 6 nmabove themica support, possibly representing different protein domains. Spectral imaging revealed significant heterogeneity in the fluorescence emission of individual chlorosomes, likely reflecting the variations in BChl c homolog composition and internal arrangements of the stacked BChls within each chlorosome. Crown

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