Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L. cv. AC Blue J) was labeled with 15N during growth in a greenhouse, harvested at early bloom, and preserved as silage (19% dry matter) or as sun-cured hay. The labeled silage and hay were given as single-pulse doses to two lactating Holstein cows fed diets comprising 30% concentrate and 70% alfalfa forage (preserved either as silage or as hay). Labeled forage and ruminal content samples collected for 72 h after dosing were partitioned into N fractions and analyzed for 15N-enrichment. Pool sizes of N compartments and kinetics in the rumen were derived by isotope dilution and by gravimetric measurements. The rate of outflow of total N, determined gravimetrically, was 21% higher with the silage diet than with the hay diet. On both diets, the largest individual flux was associated with the nonprotein, nonammonia, nonmicrobial nitrogen (NPAM-N) pool. As related to the flux of 15N through the acid detergent insoluble N pool, less tracer passed through the solid-phase nonfiber N and the soluble protein-N pools, and more passed through the NPAM-N pool, with silage than with hay. The solid-phase nonfiber N pool, which includes readily available feed N and adherent bacterial-and protozoal-N, constituted the largest N entity in the rumen, followed by the NPAM-N pool. When the forage component of the diet was alfalfa silage, N flux through the NPAM-N pool was remarkably high, and with both methods of preserving alfalfa forage, the exchange of tracer was most intensive through this pool.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science
- Animal Science and Zoology