Thin-film heat flux gauges (HFGs) have been used for decades to measure surface temperatures and heat flux in test turbines with the majority being used in facilities that are short-duration. These gauges are typically composed of two resistive temperature devices deposited on opposing sides of a dielectric. However, because these sensors have been traditionally applied for measurements in transient-type facilities, the challenges facing adaptation of this technology for a steady facility warrant investigation. These challenges are highlighted, and the solutions are presented throughout the paper. This paper describes the nanofabrication process for heat flux gauges and a new calibration method to address the potential deterioration of gauges over long runtimes in continuous-duration facilities. Because the primary uncertainty of these sensors arises from the ambiguity of the thermal properties, the emphasis is placed on the property determination. Also, this paper presents a discussion on the use of impulse response theory to process the data showing the feasibility of the method for steady-duration facilities after an initial settling time. The latter portion of the paper focuses on comparing well-established heat flux gauges developed for short-duration turbine test facilities to recently developed gauges fabricated using modern nanofabrication techniques for a continuous turbine test facility. The gauges were compared using the test case of an impinging jet over a range of Reynolds numbers. The comparison between the PSU gauge and the reference device indicated agreement within 14%, and similar results were achieved through comparison with established sensors from partner institutions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanical Engineering