The present study investigated the contribution of the Hof (2007) mechanism 1 (M1-moving the center of pressure (COP) with respect to the vertical projection of the center of mass (COMTotal)); and mechanism 2 (M2-rotating the trunk and upper limbs around the COMTotal) to postural control and the stability of COP-COMTotal cophase as a function of lateral arm-swing frequency. Young adults were instructed to stand still on a force platform while alternating their arm swinging from above the head to the side of their thigh to create perturbations to postural control. Scaling the frequency of arm-swing (random step changes of 0.2Hz within a bandwidth of 0.2 to 1.6Hz) increased the SD of COP but decreased the SD of COMTotal. Increments in arm-swing frequency induced a progressive increase in M1 and decrease in M2 in terms of their relative contribution to postural stability. The cophase between COP and COMTotal became more tightly in-phase over increments of arm-swing frequency. These findings show an adaptive compensatory role of M1 and M2 within the stability of COP-COMTotal coupling in the regulation of human balance control.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine