Competition and mutualism among the gut helminths of a mammalian host

Joanne Lello, Brian Boag, Andrew Fenton, Ian R. Stevenson, Peter John Hudson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

193 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Most animal species are infected with multiple parasite species; however, the role of interspecific parasite interactions in influencing parasite dynamics and shaping parasite communities has been unclear. Although laboratory studies have found evidence of cross-immunity, immunosuppression and competition, analyses of hosts in the field have generally concluded that parasite communities are little more than random assemblages. Here we present evidence of consistent interspecific interactions in a natural mammalian system, revealed through the analysis of parasite intensity data collected from a free-ranging rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) population, sampled monthly for a period of 23 yr. The wild rabbit plays host to a diverse gut helminth community that reflects the communities seen in other economically important domestic herbivores. These findings suggest that parasite interactions could have profound implications for the dynamics of parasite communities. The efficacy of parasite control programmes could be jeopardized if such interactions are not taken into account. In contrast, a clear understanding of such interactions may provide the basis for the development of more environmentally acceptable methods of parasite control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)840-844
Number of pages5
JournalNature
Volume428
Issue number6985
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 22 2004

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Symbiosis
Helminths
Parasites
Communicable Disease Control
Rabbits
Herbivory
Immunosuppression
Immunity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Cite this

Lello, Joanne ; Boag, Brian ; Fenton, Andrew ; Stevenson, Ian R. ; Hudson, Peter John. / Competition and mutualism among the gut helminths of a mammalian host. In: Nature. 2004 ; Vol. 428, No. 6985. pp. 840-844.
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Lello, J, Boag, B, Fenton, A, Stevenson, IR & Hudson, PJ 2004, 'Competition and mutualism among the gut helminths of a mammalian host', Nature, vol. 428, no. 6985, pp. 840-844. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02490

Competition and mutualism among the gut helminths of a mammalian host. / Lello, Joanne; Boag, Brian; Fenton, Andrew; Stevenson, Ian R.; Hudson, Peter John.

In: Nature, Vol. 428, No. 6985, 22.04.2004, p. 840-844.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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