Complete Coating of Underlying Pt Electrodes by Electrochemical Reduction of Graphene Oxide

Jason A. Bennett, Issaka B. Agbere, Matthew Moesta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Graphene oxide electrochemically reduced from aqueous and nonaqueous graphene oxide suspensions was compared. The protocol that utilized the nonaqueous suspension resulted in a more reproducibly complete covering of the underlying Pt electrode while still retaining its electrochemical integrity. The hydrogen evolution reaction was found to be detrimental to achieving complete electrode coverage from the aqueous suspension due to H2 bubbles physically dislodging previously reduced graphene oxide. However, since this parasitic reaction does not proceed as readily in organic solvents such as DMF, the nonaqueous reduction was able to form a complete layer once the aqueous suspension was drop-casted and dried on the Pt electrode. The graphene oxide-coated electrodes resulting from both aqueous and nonaqueous protocols were compared using electrochemistry, SEM, AFM, and XPS. Overall, the sample produced from the nonaqueous suspension possessed a significantly rougher morphology and was determined to possess a higher amount of reduced carbon than that produced using the aqueous suspension.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-119
Number of pages9
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume188
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 10 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry

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