Complete set of elastic, dielectric, and piezoelectric constants of [011]C poled rhombohedral Pb(In0.5Nb0.5)O 3-Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO 3:Mn single crystals

Xiaoqing Huo, Shujun Zhang, Gang Liu, Rui Zhang, Jun Luo, Raffi Sahul, Wenwu Cao, Thomas R. Shrout

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Mn modified rhombohedral Pb(In0.5Nb0.5)O 3-Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO 3 (PIN-PMN-PT:Mn) single crystals poled along [011]C crystallographic direction exhibit a "2R" engineered domain configuration, with macroscopic mm2 symmetry. The complete sets of material constants were determined using combined resonance and ultrasonic methods, and compared to [001]C poled PIN-PMN-PT:Mn crystals. The thickness shear piezoelectric coefficient d15 and electromechanical coupling factor k15 were found to be on the order of ∼3000 pC/N and 0.92, respectively, with longitudinal piezoelectric coefficient d33 and coupling factor k33 being on the order of ∼1050 pC/N and 0.90. Of particular importance is that PIN-PMN-PT:Mn single crystals exhibited high mechanical quality factor Q33 ∼ 1000, comparable to "hard" PZT8 ceramics, which can also be confirmed by the low extrinsic contribution, being ≤2% from the Rayleigh analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number074106
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number7
StatePublished - Feb 21 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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