Stosowanie sie do zaleceń leczniczych chorych na obturacyjny bezdech senny (OBS) w co najmniej rok po ustaleniu rozpoznania.

Translated title of the contribution: Compliance to treatment recommendations in patients with obstructive sleep apnea at least one year after diagnosis

A. Zgierska, A. Pietrzyk, R. Pływaczewski, J. Zieliński

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

102 OSA patients, qualified for nCPAP treatment at least one year ago were investigated by questionnaire and direct examination. CPAP device has been used by 76 patients (75%). Other subjects (26 persons) did not use it for various reasons. Subjects treated (Group L) and not treated (Group NL) were compared. Before qualifying for nCPAP treatment, Group L compared to Group NL, had significantly higher apnoea/hyponoea index, AHI (p < 0.001) and more severe hypoxaemia during sleep (p < 0.01). Subjects of Group L were more obese (p < 0.01) and smoked more cigarettes per day (p < 0.05) than Group NL. Group L patients have been using nCPAP for 6.3 +/- 0.2 nights per week and 6.4 +/- 0.2 hours per night. From variables characterizing OSA and obesity, the intensity of nCPAP usage positively correlated with AHI (p < 0.05) and negatively with severity of daytime sleepiness (p < 0.001). Among Group L patients, 93% reported general improvement, 84% woke up refreshed and rested in the morning and 70% did not feel sleepy during the daytime. Concentration improved in 66% of treated patients. Main complaints were associated with rhinitis (38%), uncomfortable mask (34%) or air leaks around the mask (26%), dryness in throat and nose (33%), shallow, unquiet sleep with frequent awakenings (about 31%), chest pain (23%) or headache (22%). 33% of subjects complained of machine noise, troubling sleep partner. CONCLUSIONS: The acceptance of nCPAP treatment was 75% and depended on the OSA severity. nCPAP device was effective in OSA treatment, mild side effects were reported by around one third of studied patients.

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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