Composite membranes based on fully sulfonated poly(aryl ether ketone)/epoxy resin/different curing agents for direct methanol fuel cells

Tianyi Na, Ke Shao, Jing Zhu, Hongcheng Sun, Dan Xu, Zhuoqi Zhang, Christopher M. Lew, Gang Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

A fully sulfonated poly(aryl ether ketone) bearing pendent sulfoalkyl groups in the side chain (SNPAEK-100) is synthesized and used as the matrix membrane. Two series of composite membranes are obtained by introducing epoxy resins (TMBP) and two different curing agents with or without sulfonic acid groups (DDS and BDSA). All the membranes are investigated in detail as polymer electrolyte membranes. As expected, the water uptake, the methanol permeability, and the proton conductivity of the cross-linked membranes decrease with increasing epoxy resin content. Compared with STD-x membranes (0.101 S cm -1-0.233 S cm-1), the STB-x (0.171 S cm-1-0.266 S cm-1) membrane series reduce the loss of proton conductivity because of the sulfonated curing agent, BDSA. Other properties of the composite membranes, such as the mechanical properties and the thermal properties are also investigated. All the results indicate that the composite membranes based on SNPAEK-100 and BDSA are promising membrane candidates for direct methanol fuel cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)290-297
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume230
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 21 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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