Composition PDF/photon Monte Carlo modeling of moderately sooting turbulent jet flames

R. S. Mehta, Daniel Connell Haworth, M. F. Modest

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A comprehensive model for luminous turbulent flames is presented. The model features detailed chemistry, radiation and soot models and state-of-the-art closures for turbulence-chemistry interactions and turbulence-radiation interactions. A transported probability density function (PDF) method is used to capture the effects of turbulent fluctuations in composition and temperature. The PDF method is extended to include soot formation. Spectral gas and soot radiation is modeled using a (particle-based) photon Monte Carlo method coupled with the PDF method, thereby capturing both emission and absorption turbulence-radiation interactions. An important element of this work is that the gas-phase chemistry and soot models that have been thoroughly validated across a wide range of laminar flames are used in turbulent flame simulations without modification. Six turbulent jet flames are simulated with Reynolds numbers varying from 6700 to 15,000, two fuel types (pure ethylene, 90 % methane-10 % ethylene blend) and different oxygen concentrations in the oxidizer stream (from 21 %O2 to 55 %O2 ). All simulations are carried out with a single set of physical and numerical parameters (model constants). Uniformly good agreement between measured and computed mean temperatures, mean soot volume fractions and (where available) radiative fluxes is found across all flames. This demonstrates that with the combination of a systematic approach and state-of-the-art physical models and numerical algorithms, it is possible to simulate a broad range of luminous turbulent flames with a single model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)982-994
Number of pages13
JournalCombustion and Flame
Volume157
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2010

Fingerprint

turbulent jets
turbulent flames
probability density functions
Soot
Probability density function
Photons
soot
photons
Chemical analysis
Turbulence
turbulence
Radiation
Ethylene
ethylene
radiation
Radiation chemistry
Gases
chemistry
radiation chemistry
oxidizers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "A comprehensive model for luminous turbulent flames is presented. The model features detailed chemistry, radiation and soot models and state-of-the-art closures for turbulence-chemistry interactions and turbulence-radiation interactions. A transported probability density function (PDF) method is used to capture the effects of turbulent fluctuations in composition and temperature. The PDF method is extended to include soot formation. Spectral gas and soot radiation is modeled using a (particle-based) photon Monte Carlo method coupled with the PDF method, thereby capturing both emission and absorption turbulence-radiation interactions. An important element of this work is that the gas-phase chemistry and soot models that have been thoroughly validated across a wide range of laminar flames are used in turbulent flame simulations without modification. Six turbulent jet flames are simulated with Reynolds numbers varying from 6700 to 15,000, two fuel types (pure ethylene, 90 {\%} methane-10 {\%} ethylene blend) and different oxygen concentrations in the oxidizer stream (from 21 {\%}O2 to 55 {\%}O2 ). All simulations are carried out with a single set of physical and numerical parameters (model constants). Uniformly good agreement between measured and computed mean temperatures, mean soot volume fractions and (where available) radiative fluxes is found across all flames. This demonstrates that with the combination of a systematic approach and state-of-the-art physical models and numerical algorithms, it is possible to simulate a broad range of luminous turbulent flames with a single model.",
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Composition PDF/photon Monte Carlo modeling of moderately sooting turbulent jet flames. / Mehta, R. S.; Haworth, Daniel Connell; Modest, M. F.

In: Combustion and Flame, Vol. 157, No. 5, 01.05.2010, p. 982-994.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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