Comprehensive model of forage changes in the silo

D. R. Buckmaster, Clarence Alan Rotz, R. E. Muck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A model describing the ensiling of corn and alfalfa in top- and bottom-unloaded tower and bunker silos was developed and evaluated. Oxygen infiltration through the silo wall or cover caused most of the dry matter loss with the rate of loss primarily influenced by silo size, wall or cover permeability and the length of the storage period. A change in wall permeability from 2 to 4 cm/h increased loss 2.0% in a medium-sized, top-unloaded tower silo. Emptying this silo in 120 days rather than 360 days reduced loss 6%. Dry matter loss was relatively insensitive to initial crop quality and moisture content over the range of 50-65% moisture. Ensiling losses were similar between corn and alfalfa.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1143-1152
Number of pages10
JournalTransactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers
Volume32
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 1989

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Medicago sativa
Zea mays
forage
Permeability
silage making
alfalfa
permeability
bunker silos
Oxygen
Towers
crop quality
corn
dry matter
Moisture
maize
storage time
water content
oxygen
Infiltration
Crops

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Buckmaster, D. R., Rotz, C. A., & Muck, R. E. (1989). Comprehensive model of forage changes in the silo. Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, 32(4), 1143-1152.
Buckmaster, D. R. ; Rotz, Clarence Alan ; Muck, R. E. / Comprehensive model of forage changes in the silo. In: Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers. 1989 ; Vol. 32, No. 4. pp. 1143-1152.
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Buckmaster, DR, Rotz, CA & Muck, RE 1989, 'Comprehensive model of forage changes in the silo', Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 1143-1152.

Comprehensive model of forage changes in the silo. / Buckmaster, D. R.; Rotz, Clarence Alan; Muck, R. E.

In: Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, Vol. 32, No. 4, 01.07.1989, p. 1143-1152.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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