Computational and experimental studies of Midpassage gap leakage and misalignment for a non-Axisymmetric contoured turbine blade Endwall

Eric Lange, Stephen Lynch, Scott Lewis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Turbine vanes and blades are generally manufactured as single or double airfoil sections that must each be installed onto a turbine disk. Between each section, a gap at the endwalls through the blade passage is present, through which high pressure coolant is leaked. Furthermore, sections can become misaligned due to thermal expansion or centrifugal forces. Flow and heat transfer around the gap is complicated due to the interaction of the mainstream and the leakage flow. An experimental and computational study was undertaken to determine the physics of the leakage flow interaction for a realistic turbine blade endwall, and assess whether steady RANS CFD, commonly used for non-Axisymmetric endwall design, can be used to accurately model this interaction. Computational models were compared against experimental observations of endwall heat transfer on a contoured endwall with a midpassage gap. Endwall heat transfer coefficients were determined experimentally by using infrared thermography to capture spatially-resolved surface temperatures on a uniform heat flux surface (heater) attached to the endwall. Predictions and measurements both indicated an increase in endwall heat transfer with increasing gap leakage flow, although the distribution of heat transfer coefficients along the gap was not well captured by CFD. A misalignment of the blade endwall causing a forward-facing step for the near-endwall flow resulted in a large highly turbulent recirculation region downstream of the step and high local heat transfer that was overpredicted by CFD. Conversely, a backward-facing step reduced turbulence and local heat transfer. The misprediction of local heat transfer around the gap is thought to be caused by unsteady interaction of the passage secondary flow and gap leakage flow, which cannot be well-captured by a steady RANS approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHeat Transfer
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791849781
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
EventASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2016 - Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Duration: Jun 13 2016Jun 17 2016

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo
Volume5A-2016

Other

OtherASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2016
CountryKorea, Republic of
CitySeoul
Period6/13/166/17/16

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

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  • Cite this

    Lange, E., Lynch, S., & Lewis, S. (2016). Computational and experimental studies of Midpassage gap leakage and misalignment for a non-Axisymmetric contoured turbine blade Endwall. In Heat Transfer (Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo; Vol. 5A-2016). American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2016-56128