Computational simulations of the Trichoderma reesei cellobiohydrolase I acting on microcrystalline cellulose Iβ: the enzyme-substrate complex

Linghao Zhong, James F. Matthews, Peter I. Hansen, Michael F. Crowley, Joseph M. Cleary, Ross C. Walker, Mark R. Nimlos, Charles L. Brooks, William S. Adney, Michael E. Himmel, John W. Brady

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Abstract

Cellobiohydrolases are the dominant components of the commercially relevant Trichoderma reesei cellulase system. Although natural cellulases can totally hydrolyze crystalline cellulose to soluble sugars, the current enzyme loadings and long digestion times required render these enzymes less than cost effective for biomass conversion processes. It is clear that cellobiohydrolases must be improved via protein engineering to reduce processing costs. To better understand cellobiohydrolase function, new simulations have been conducted using charmm of cellobiohydrolase I (CBH I) from T. reesei interacting with a model segment (cellodextrin) of a cellulose microfibril in which one chain from the substrate has been placed into the active site tunnel mimicking the hypothesized configuration prior to final substrate docking (i.e., the +1 and +2 sites are unoccupied), which is also the structure following a catalytic bond scission. No tendency was found for the protein to dissociate from or translate along the substrate surface during this initial simulation, nor to align with the direction of the cellulose chains. However, a tendency for the decrystallized cellodextrin to partially re-anneal into the cellulose surface hints that the arbitrary starting configuration selected was not ideal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1984-1992
Number of pages9
JournalCarbohydrate Research
Volume344
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 12 2009

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Zhong, L., Matthews, J. F., Hansen, P. I., Crowley, M. F., Cleary, J. M., Walker, R. C., Nimlos, M. R., Brooks, C. L., Adney, W. S., Himmel, M. E., & Brady, J. W. (2009). Computational simulations of the Trichoderma reesei cellobiohydrolase I acting on microcrystalline cellulose Iβ: the enzyme-substrate complex. Carbohydrate Research, 344(15), 1984-1992. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carres.2009.07.005