Computational study of condensed-phase kinetics during combustion of pure RDX

Mayank Khichar, Lalit Patidar, Stefan Thynell

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

A computational model for constant pressure combustion of RDX monopropellant has been developed to analyze the significance of condensed phase decomposition process. The model is based on conservation equations and takes into account detailed chemical kinetics in the condensed phase. Experimentally measured values of the melt layer thickness, the burn rate, and the propellant burning surface temperature are provided as input to the model. The extent of RDX decomposition in the melt layer is calculated and compared against values obtained in previous studies with global reaction mechanism for the condensed phase. Systematic sensitivity analysis of various model parameters, which affect RDX decomposition in condensed phase, is also performed. The results show that RDX mole fraction at the propellant burning surface is 90% at atmospheric pressure. This value is very sensitive to the kinetic rate parameters of the HONO-elimination step for RDX. The effect of experimental uncertainty in measurement of temperature and burn rate is comparatively small. The effect of higher pressures is also examined. It is found that at higher pressure the extent of RDX decomposition is significantly higher. This suggests that the significance of condensed phase decomposition process increases with pressure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
Event2018 Spring Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, ESSCI 2018 - State College, United States
Duration: Mar 4 2018Mar 7 2018

Other

Other2018 Spring Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, ESSCI 2018
CountryUnited States
CityState College
Period3/4/183/7/18

Fingerprint

RDX
Decomposition
Kinetics
kinetics
decomposition
Propellants
propellants
Monopropellants
monopropellants
Reaction kinetics
conservation equations
Sensitivity analysis
Atmospheric pressure
sensitivity analysis
Conservation
surface temperature
cyclonite
elimination
atmospheric pressure
reaction kinetics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Khichar, M., Patidar, L., & Thynell, S. (2018). Computational study of condensed-phase kinetics during combustion of pure RDX. Paper presented at 2018 Spring Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, ESSCI 2018, State College, United States.
Khichar, Mayank ; Patidar, Lalit ; Thynell, Stefan. / Computational study of condensed-phase kinetics during combustion of pure RDX. Paper presented at 2018 Spring Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, ESSCI 2018, State College, United States.
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abstract = "A computational model for constant pressure combustion of RDX monopropellant has been developed to analyze the significance of condensed phase decomposition process. The model is based on conservation equations and takes into account detailed chemical kinetics in the condensed phase. Experimentally measured values of the melt layer thickness, the burn rate, and the propellant burning surface temperature are provided as input to the model. The extent of RDX decomposition in the melt layer is calculated and compared against values obtained in previous studies with global reaction mechanism for the condensed phase. Systematic sensitivity analysis of various model parameters, which affect RDX decomposition in condensed phase, is also performed. The results show that RDX mole fraction at the propellant burning surface is 90{\%} at atmospheric pressure. This value is very sensitive to the kinetic rate parameters of the HONO-elimination step for RDX. The effect of experimental uncertainty in measurement of temperature and burn rate is comparatively small. The effect of higher pressures is also examined. It is found that at higher pressure the extent of RDX decomposition is significantly higher. This suggests that the significance of condensed phase decomposition process increases with pressure.",
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Khichar, M, Patidar, L & Thynell, S 2018, 'Computational study of condensed-phase kinetics during combustion of pure RDX' Paper presented at 2018 Spring Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, ESSCI 2018, State College, United States, 3/4/18 - 3/7/18, .

Computational study of condensed-phase kinetics during combustion of pure RDX. / Khichar, Mayank; Patidar, Lalit; Thynell, Stefan.

2018. Paper presented at 2018 Spring Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, ESSCI 2018, State College, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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T1 - Computational study of condensed-phase kinetics during combustion of pure RDX

AU - Khichar, Mayank

AU - Patidar, Lalit

AU - Thynell, Stefan

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N2 - A computational model for constant pressure combustion of RDX monopropellant has been developed to analyze the significance of condensed phase decomposition process. The model is based on conservation equations and takes into account detailed chemical kinetics in the condensed phase. Experimentally measured values of the melt layer thickness, the burn rate, and the propellant burning surface temperature are provided as input to the model. The extent of RDX decomposition in the melt layer is calculated and compared against values obtained in previous studies with global reaction mechanism for the condensed phase. Systematic sensitivity analysis of various model parameters, which affect RDX decomposition in condensed phase, is also performed. The results show that RDX mole fraction at the propellant burning surface is 90% at atmospheric pressure. This value is very sensitive to the kinetic rate parameters of the HONO-elimination step for RDX. The effect of experimental uncertainty in measurement of temperature and burn rate is comparatively small. The effect of higher pressures is also examined. It is found that at higher pressure the extent of RDX decomposition is significantly higher. This suggests that the significance of condensed phase decomposition process increases with pressure.

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Khichar M, Patidar L, Thynell S. Computational study of condensed-phase kinetics during combustion of pure RDX. 2018. Paper presented at 2018 Spring Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute, ESSCI 2018, State College, United States.