A commercial hay compressor was used to compress switchgrass bales and evaluate the effectiveness of the compressor operating on herbaceous biomass. The compressor operated at 0.1104 hours per ton and .5435 gallons per ton to compress the material. Assuming labor costs are 15 dollars per hour and fuel is 3 dollars per gallon, the labor and fuel costs are 1.66 dollars per ton and 1.63 dollars per ton, respectively. Including the machinery costs and 2 laborers, the total price would be 16.44 dollars per ton to compress the biomass. The adoption of biomass into power generation and liquid fuel production requires optimized handling methods to move the biomass. This requires selecting the most economical systems from among various loose and baled handling systems. A model is used for optimization which selects the best handling method for every point in a given location. This model outputs a map which shows the optimized handling scenario for all handling systems reviewed.