Conceptual design of a high-efficiency absorption cooling cycle

Horacio Perez-Blanco

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    20 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    The search for high-efficiency, gas-fired cooling cycles has led to the development of dual-loop absorption machines with cooling coefficients of performance (COPs) in the 1.2 to 1.7 range. This increased performance may call for high generator temperatures, new working fluids or new materials of construction. In most cases, two different sets of working fluids are required. The conceptual design presented here is aimed at obtaining high efficiencies with relatively low temperatures, employing only one set of fluids. The concept consists of two loops coupled in a configuration aimed at minimizing the loss of thermodynamic availability incurred when transferring refrigerant between the loops. The working fluid pair is a solution of lithium bromide-water. The calculated COPs are of the order of 1.8. The cycle relies on an elaborate evaporator-absorber combination. The paper presents the conceptual design, the critical assumptions, and the performance calculations for the concept.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)429-433
    Number of pages5
    JournalInternational Journal of Refrigeration
    Volume16
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 1993

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Building and Construction
    • Mechanical Engineering

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