Conceptualizing sources in online news

S. Shyam Sundar, Clifford Nass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

235 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study attempts a new conceptualization of communication "sources" by proposing a typology of sources that would apply not only to traditional media but also to new online media. Ontological rationale for the distinctions in the typology is supplemented by psychological evidence via an experiment that investigated the effects of different types of source attributions upon receivers' perception of online news content. Participants (N = 48) in a 4-condition, between-participants experiment read 6 identical news stories each through an online service. Participants were told that the stories were selected by 1 of 4 sources: news editors, the computer terminal on which they were accessing the stories, other audience members (or users) of the online news service, or (using a pseudo-selection task) the individual user (self). After reading each online news story, all participants filled out a paper-and-pencil questionnaire indicating their perceptions of the story they had just read. In confirmation of the distinctions made in the typology, attribution of identical content to 4 different types of online sources was associated with significant variation in news story perception. Theoretical implications of the results as well as the typology are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)52-72
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Communication
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2001

Fingerprint

news
Computer terminals
typology
Experiments
attribution
Communication
online media
online service
experiment
News
recipient
editor
questionnaire
communication
evidence
News Stories
Experiment
Attribution

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Communication
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

Sundar, S. Shyam ; Nass, Clifford. / Conceptualizing sources in online news. In: Journal of Communication. 2001 ; Vol. 51, No. 1. pp. 52-72.
@article{acf3fc0307f84ae4aa9b885829074d12,
title = "Conceptualizing sources in online news",
abstract = "This study attempts a new conceptualization of communication {"}sources{"} by proposing a typology of sources that would apply not only to traditional media but also to new online media. Ontological rationale for the distinctions in the typology is supplemented by psychological evidence via an experiment that investigated the effects of different types of source attributions upon receivers' perception of online news content. Participants (N = 48) in a 4-condition, between-participants experiment read 6 identical news stories each through an online service. Participants were told that the stories were selected by 1 of 4 sources: news editors, the computer terminal on which they were accessing the stories, other audience members (or users) of the online news service, or (using a pseudo-selection task) the individual user (self). After reading each online news story, all participants filled out a paper-and-pencil questionnaire indicating their perceptions of the story they had just read. In confirmation of the distinctions made in the typology, attribution of identical content to 4 different types of online sources was associated with significant variation in news story perception. Theoretical implications of the results as well as the typology are discussed.",
author = "Sundar, {S. Shyam} and Clifford Nass",
year = "2001",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1111/j.1460-2466.2001.tb02872.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "51",
pages = "52--72",
journal = "Journal of Communication",
issn = "0021-9916",
number = "1",

}

Conceptualizing sources in online news. / Sundar, S. Shyam; Nass, Clifford.

In: Journal of Communication, Vol. 51, No. 1, 03.2001, p. 52-72.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Conceptualizing sources in online news

AU - Sundar, S. Shyam

AU - Nass, Clifford

PY - 2001/3

Y1 - 2001/3

N2 - This study attempts a new conceptualization of communication "sources" by proposing a typology of sources that would apply not only to traditional media but also to new online media. Ontological rationale for the distinctions in the typology is supplemented by psychological evidence via an experiment that investigated the effects of different types of source attributions upon receivers' perception of online news content. Participants (N = 48) in a 4-condition, between-participants experiment read 6 identical news stories each through an online service. Participants were told that the stories were selected by 1 of 4 sources: news editors, the computer terminal on which they were accessing the stories, other audience members (or users) of the online news service, or (using a pseudo-selection task) the individual user (self). After reading each online news story, all participants filled out a paper-and-pencil questionnaire indicating their perceptions of the story they had just read. In confirmation of the distinctions made in the typology, attribution of identical content to 4 different types of online sources was associated with significant variation in news story perception. Theoretical implications of the results as well as the typology are discussed.

AB - This study attempts a new conceptualization of communication "sources" by proposing a typology of sources that would apply not only to traditional media but also to new online media. Ontological rationale for the distinctions in the typology is supplemented by psychological evidence via an experiment that investigated the effects of different types of source attributions upon receivers' perception of online news content. Participants (N = 48) in a 4-condition, between-participants experiment read 6 identical news stories each through an online service. Participants were told that the stories were selected by 1 of 4 sources: news editors, the computer terminal on which they were accessing the stories, other audience members (or users) of the online news service, or (using a pseudo-selection task) the individual user (self). After reading each online news story, all participants filled out a paper-and-pencil questionnaire indicating their perceptions of the story they had just read. In confirmation of the distinctions made in the typology, attribution of identical content to 4 different types of online sources was associated with significant variation in news story perception. Theoretical implications of the results as well as the typology are discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035607338&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035607338&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1460-2466.2001.tb02872.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1460-2466.2001.tb02872.x

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0035607338

VL - 51

SP - 52

EP - 72

JO - Journal of Communication

JF - Journal of Communication

SN - 0021-9916

IS - 1

ER -