Concurrent attenuation of, and energy harvesting from, surface vibrations: Experimental verification and model validation

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Abstract

Fundamental studies in vibrational energy harvesting consider the electromechanically coupled devices to be excited by uniform base vibration. Since many harvester devices are massspring systems, there is a clear opportunity to exploit the mechanical resonance in a fashion identical to tuned mass dampers to simultaneously suppress the vibration of the host structure via reactive forces while converting the absorbed vibration into electrical power. This paper presents a general analytical model for the coupled electro-elastic dynamics of a vibrating panel to which distributed energy harvesting devices are attached. One such device is described which employs a corrugated piezoelectric spring layer. The model is validated by comparison to measured elastic and electric frequency response functions. Tests on an excited panel show that the device, contributing 1% additional mass to the structure, concurrently attenuates the lowest panel mode accelerance by >20dB while generating 0.441νW for a panel drive acceleration of 3.29ms 2. Adjustment of the load resistance connected to the piezoelectric spring layer verifies the analogy between the present harvester device and an electromechanically stiffened and damped vibration absorber. The results show that maximum vibration suppression and energy harvesting objectives occur for nearly the same load resistance in the harvester circuit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number035016
JournalSmart Materials and Structures
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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